Subordinate clauses with two verbs or two verb parts In a main clause (declarative clause), the conjugated verb is the second idea. This sentence answers the question “how long did the dog run?” with the adverb clause “until he got to the county fair.”, With the adverb clause “after the dog arrived,” this sentence answers, “when did the dog eat popcorn?”. Connectives that join clauses can be conjunctions, prepositions and adverbs. The flat, in which she lived, had multiple rooms. Because they said so (They=subject; said=verb), 2. A subordinate clause is different from a phrase. The Subordinate Clause Recognize a subordinate clause when you find one. It will act as the noun either as a subject or object. Subordinate clause or Dependence clause is that clause which (as alone part) cannot express a complete meaning. They should answer questions like “what kind?” or “which one?” and follow one of two patterns: Pronoun/adverb + subject + verb, or pronoun/adverb as subject + verb. We hope the blog was quite helpful in understanding the concept of three different types of subordinate clauses along with the examples. I show that sentences with two subordinate clauses may receive two syntactic analyses, and that each syntactic analysis may receive two semantic interpretations. The part of the above sentence ‘I saw a man’ can alone stand as an independent sentence because it gives complete meaning. The two clauses are joined by the connective 'where'. Basically, a subordinate clause cannot function as a complete sentence. Before we learn about the types of the subordinate clause, let’s brush up our knowledge by looking at the definition. It helps to relate the subordinate clause to the rest of the sentence. When a subordinate clause is one of two clauses in a sentence, the other clause has to be the main clause as a sentence cannot have only two subordinate clauses. In case you pass the exam. A clause is subordinate if it is used as a part of speech (noun, adjective, or adverb). Just like adjectives, the adjective subordinate clause modifies a noun or pronoun in a sentence. If you still have a doubt regarding the concept, you can get back to us through the comment section. To begin with, a subordinate clause introduced by a subordinating conjunction can be positioned either after or before the main clause. The construction of a complex sentence requires two clauses which may be known by different names: ‎ Major/main/independent + Subordinate/dependent ‎ … For Example: Crashing was a terrible idea, but it was all she had at the moment. The subordinate clause usually comes after the main clause. Subordinate clauses make sentences more interesting. Therefore, the most common mistake you can make is a fragment sentence (an incomplete sentence). As you’re learning how to write a subordinate clause, it’s important to review the things that it always needs: A subordinate clause can be at the beginning of a sentence or the end of a sentence, so long as it is paired with an independent clause. After the dog ran This clause answers the question “when?” 2. ALL subordinate clauses are always set off by commas (or by one comma if it is at the end of a sentence). It will modify the verb of the main clause. Coordinate means of the same rank in the sentence. 1. So, it is a/an: A subordinate conjunction or relative adverb. The best sentences combine different elements in all sorts of patterns. Another type of sentence is called a compound sentence. This is a complete sentence. A complex sentence contains one or more subordinate clauses (bolded), e.g., Hofstetter believes that he is being targeted by Homeland Security agents. The fire blazed and the wood crackled. A subordinate clause is a clause that cannot stand alone as a complete sentence; it merely complements a sentence’s main clause, thereby adding to the whole unit of meaning. He saw a baby who was playing on the bed. A subordinate clause is a clause that cannot stand alone. It alone cannot stand as a sentence because it depends on the other clause (independent clause) to give a complete meaning. Generally, subordinate clauses are attached to the main clause or embedded in the matrix clause. The term complex sentences and subordinate clause simply means a sentence with more than one clause. We have been studying grammar and getting in-depth knowledge of all the things that right from sentence structure formation to complex sentence functioning. Then, all “which” clauses begin with forms of “welch”, and it is never omitted. Subordinate clauses—also known as dependent clauses—used skillfully can add complexity and artfulness to writing. It was really good to work in a corporate world even if you are not so experienced. Hence we understand that the embedded clause adds meaning to the whole unit. Two or more independent clauses in the same sentence are manifestly coordinate. Let’s see some of the examples to understand the noun subordinate clause in a better way. However, it can come in front of the main clause to draw attention to its content before the main clause. They begin with relative pronouns like “how,” “which,” “who,” or “what,” combined with a subject and predicate. A subordinate clause can work as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb in a sentence. These small lessons will help you keep improving your language skills and help you develop a powerful negotiation skill and communication skill. Grammatically, there's nothing wrong with nesting subordinate clauses to any number of levels. Like all clauses, it has a subject and a predicate, but it doesn’t share a complete thought. Now, let’s see some of the examples and understand what they convey and how they are formed. Here are some examples: Subordinate clauses are introduced by subordinate conjunctions and relative pronouns. So, start with an independent clause: Next, add some extra details—remember: we need to include another subject and verb to make a subordinate clause. Similar to adverbs, the subordinate clause also modifies the verb or another adverb clause in a sentence. It needs the first part of the sentence to be complete. When they were five (They=subject; were=verb), 3. Stay Tuned! Such a sentence has two or more main clauses which are ‘equal’ in status, as each could stand alone. When you use two or more independent clauses and one or more subordinate clauses, you are forming compound-complex sentences. So this is a type of independent clause where they are not dependent on anything to complete it. The key is to remember: They always need to attach to a main clause to complete the sentence. Standardized test-makers are hooked on complete sentences. Whoever is watching the dog This clause represents a person 4. All About Subordinate Clauses What writers tend to get confused about, however, is when and where to place commas in relation to subordinate clauses. For example: Whoever gave the dog popcorn. But the most important thing that we need to know is the different types of subordinate clauses and their application. A subordinate clause that modifies a substantive is called an adjective clause. Definition with Examples. I saw a man who was crying. Don't waste the main verb of the sentence on a minor action while expressing the principal action in a subordinate … 2. Also, all of the “that” clauses begin with the word “dass”, and it is never omitted. Subordinate conjunctions help the transition between two parts of a sentence with words expressing things like place and time. Now, let’s study the adjective subordinate clause: When a subordinate clause which acts as the adjective in a given sentence is called an adjective subordinate clause. II. “ [She was anxious to be married], and [he was her only suitor].” [W2F-011 #48] To be sure of the noun clause in a sentence, you can switch it with a single noun and the sentence will still make sense, like this: An adjective is a descriptive word. For example: Sentences with many dependent clauses. [Two declarative clauses.] ‘After we returned from my aunt’s farmhouse.’ We can now see that the ‘we’ is the subject and ‘returned’ is the verb. According to certain traditional linguistic theories, a subordinate clause or dependent clause is a clause that provides a sentence element with additional information, but which cannot stand as a sentence. Here are some examples of sentences with subordinating clauses (take note of the italicized words): After the dog ran, his owner waited for him with anticipation. An adverb clause is a group of words that work as an adverb in a sentence, answering questions asking “where?”, “when,” “how?” and “why?” They begin with a subordinate conjuction. It serves a subordinate role in the sentence… A subordinate clause only gives extra information and is “dependent” on other words to make a full sentence. A subordinate clause makes a sentence more detailed. That’s because, as mentioned, it only adds extra details to sentence. Subordinate clauses are a set of words that have both subject and verb in it. Main clauses don't always have to come before subordinate clauses in sentences. Since it would be cold today (it=subject; would be cold=verb), 4. The subordinate clause modifies the main clause in terms of time, frequency and condition. It will modify the verb of the main clause. It’s still not clear whether … It is what I intend to do in this paper, while using Printer Fabulous! Because he ate popcorn This clause answers the question “why?” 3. This subordinate clause acts exactly like the noun in a sentence. Theories and tools in Computational Lin-guistics are available now which allow us to study such sentences exhaustively, both at the syntactic and semantic level. Adjective clauses are groups of words that act as an adjective in a sentence. The subordinating conjunctions are the part of speech that joins the dependent clause to the independent clause some examples of subordinate conjunctions are although, because, as, unless, whenever, before, after. You can live a happy life as long as you are thinking positively. The adjective clause generally starts with the relative pronoun. All of them, and no aping around. Compound sentences A compound sentence is one that consists of two main clauses, joined by a word such as and, but, or or, called a coordinating conjunction.Each clause is of equal importance and gives information of equal value. In the main clause however, the conjugated verb moves forward and is directly after the comma. Keep practicing these sentences to have a grip on the language and a proper command. Identify the subject, verb, and predicate in each of these examples: Ob sie mit uns ins Kino gehen darf, bleibt unklar. A subordinate clause—also called a dependent clause—will begin with a subordinate conjunction or a relative pronoun.Like all clauses, it will have both a subject and a verb. This does not change the word order in the subordinate clause. Like all clauses, a subordinate clause has a subject and verb. Subordinate clauses introduced by a conjunction can also usually be placed before the main clause. “Who” (pronoun acting as subject) + “ate” (verb) is an adjective clause that describes the dog. A noun clause is a group of words that acts as a noun in a sentence. The clause from the sentence in Question 3 represents what thing the dog will eat. Subordinate Clause A subordinate clause (or dependent clause) is a clause that cannot stand alone as a complete sentence because it does not express a complete thought. The order of the clauses … As we know that clause is generally a group of words that contain both the subject and the verb. We know that a Compound sentence is formed by joining two independent clauses and a Complex sentence is formed by joining an independent clause with a subordinate clause. Let’s look at some more examples of Subordinate Clauses to give us a clear understanding : 1. The noun subordinate clause starts with words such as ‘that’, ‘what’, ‘whtever’, ‘who’, ‘whom’, ‘whoever’. The subordinate clause modifies the main clause in terms of time, frequency and condition. What you eat determines the health of our bodies. Examples of Subordinate Clauses Here are some examples of subordinate clauses (shaded). A subordinate clause makes a sentence more detailed. So, there are three types of dependent clauses: noun clauses, adjective clauses, and adverb clauses. To avoid mistakes with subordinate clauses, always remember: a subordinate clause is never a full sentence on its own. Otherwise, it is independent. Here are some examples: 1. The difference between a clause and a phrase is that the former must contain a verb. Subordinating conjunctions are essential parts of complex sentences with include at least two clauses, with one of the clauses being main (independent) and the other being subordinate (dependent). In compound or coordinated sentences, two or more clauses are brought together as grammatical equals, connected by a coordinating con-junction (bolded) to one another e.g., When a subordinate clause acts as an adverb in a sentence then it is called the Adverb Subordinate Clause. A dependent clause can either modify an adjacent clause or serve as … The dog ran until he got to the county fair. From our previous sessions, you are already familiar with the embedded clauses or subordinate clauses. They introduce a dependent clause. This is a fragment sentence. They are called “relative” because they are related to the topic of the sentence. 73 examples: Just three very short paragraphs later, comes (11b), virtually an identical… Select the subordinate clause in this sentence: The clause from the sentence in Question 1 answers the question “when will the dog like me?” So this part is a/an? The bike, which he liked, was very expensive. A coordinating conjunction is a word that links two independent clauses to make a compound sentence. Remember, none of them can be complete sentences on their own! You must watch a movie which is motivational. Compound-Complex sentence, as the name suggests is a combination of combination of Compound and Complex sentence. We can easily understand that the sentence has both a subject and a verb and also it sounds complete. Let’s begin by knowing what is a noun subordinate clause: Whenever a subordinate clause act like a noun in a given sentence, then it is called a noun subordinate clause. She worked in a factory while she was living in Netherland. Now you realized that what you thought was not exactly correct. (you=subject; pass=verb). A coordinate clause is one of two or more clauses in a sentence that are of equal importance and usually joined by a coordinating conjunction. So there are three different types of subordinate clauses. Basically, a subordinate clause can act as noun, adjective, and adverb in a given sentence. A subordinate clause all by itself is a grammatical felony — a sentence fragment. Here’s another: Whoever gave the dog popcorn is in trouble! But the sentence seems to be incomplete and can be considered as a part of some other sentence or a fragment. With all these examples you might have understood the basis of the subordinate clause. You must not buy whatever you find expensive. That’s because a subordinate clause doesn’t express a complete thought. Even if subordinate clauses are dependent on the main clause, it is still important because it makes an entire sentence more detailed. Ensure that subordinate clauses only complement a sentence’s main clause or main part. A subordinate clause can either precede or follow its main clause. There are two major types of clauses: Main Clause or Independent Clause and Subordinate or dependent clause. Whichever (pronoun) + flavor (subject) + have (verb) is an adjective clause that describes the popcorn. This full sentence uses the noun clause “whatever he wanted to.” It begins with a subordinate conjunction, followed by a subject (he) and a verb (wanted). You need to set them off … It’s a noun clause because it has a subject (he) and a predicate (wants). But subordinate clauses cannot stand alone as a sentence. I therefore would like to show two more examples of how punctuation plays a major role in the construction of sentences with two or more subordinate clauses. It is not independent.Remember that an independent clause has a subject and a verb and expresses a complete thought-it can stand alone. Subordinate clauses begin with subordinating conjunctions or a relative pronoun and both of them have a significant role to play in forming the subordinate clause. The words used are ‘that’, ‘who’, ‘whom’, whose’,’ which’ or ‘whose’. 1. It tries to bring out a complete meaningful sentence. Your two main clauses are always separated by a comma and a conjunction. Because a subordinate clause is dependent upon a main clause to be meaningful, it is also referred to as a dependent clause. There is only one rule to remember about using subordinate conjunctions: A subordinate conjunction performs two functions within a sentence. It doesn’t express a whole thought, and leaves the question, “what happened to whoever gave the dog popcorn?” So, we need to add information: Whoever gave the dog popcorn is in trouble! Since they are joined by a coordinating clause, the clauses are syntactically independent of each other. Key takeaways. In this sentence, ‘we’ is the subject and the verb ‘finished’. When a subordinate clause acts as an adverb in a sentence then it is called the Adverb Subordinate Clause. She hates people who are not serious in life. Let’s see the examples which can help you to understand the application of the subordinate adjective clause. The dog that eats popcorn This clause answers the question “which dog?” As you can see, it’s not a full sentence. Subordinate Clauses Examples . Examples of subordinate clause in a sentence, how to use it. Steer clear of fragments and run-ons when you’re holding a #2 pencil and an answer booklet. His sister got mad at him because he ate popcorn. “Whoever gave the dog popcorn” is the noun in the sentence, meaning the person who gave the dog popcorn. Sentences with two subordinate clauses occur quite of-ten in corpora. Similar to adverbs, the subordinate clause also modifies the verb or another adverb clause in a sentence. A subordinate clause or dependent clause is a clause that can’t exist as a sentence on its own. Here are some of the most common subordinate conjunctions: Relative pronouns are words like which, whichever, whatever, that, who, whoever, and whose. A subordinate clause has a subject and a verb, but it cannot stand alone. For example, “the person who” or “whoever eats;” or “the house that” or “whichever house.”. This is the example of Subordinate clause, where they require an independent clause besides it to make it complete. In the following example “before” is a word used to join two clauses. A complex sentence consists of two or more clauses, one of which is independent and the rest subordinate. Examples of subordinate clauses include embedded clauses and relative clauses. They have a pronoun (who, that, which) or an adverb (what, where, why) and a verb; or, a pronoun or an adverb that serves as subject and a verb. If you are not avoiding salt in your food, you will increase your blood pressure. Find Fun and Engaging Workbooks for Kids – Explore Workbooks, Effect of Global Warming on Polar Bears Worksheet, Examples of Prepositional Phrases with Sentences, Adjectives and Prepositions Combination List with Examples, Descriptive Adjectives Words List with Examples, Types of Public Speaking Skills with Examples, 4 Types of Gender with Examples in Grammar. It doesn't express a complete thought. Though it has a subject (whoever) and a verb (gave), it isn’t complete. Their application in the English language and how to identify the subordinate clause. When a sentence consists of a main clause and a subordinate clause they are joined by a subordinating conjunction, also known as a subordinator such as when, because, although, if, etc. This article will look at a few common kinds of clauses . The injured patient fainted before doctors could operate him. For example: Here, “what he wants” stands as a noun for what the dog can eat. Peter came to the party and the celebration started. More often than in English, in German you will encounter subordinate clauses that in fact function as the sentence subject. Two main clauses are joined by and, but or or. Let’s see some of the examples to understand the application of the adverb subordinate clause. Whatever you study in school increases your knowledge. Us a clear understanding: 1 a conjunction can be positioned either or... Of sentence is called a compound sentence same rank in the following example “ before ” is a of. Also a sentence with two subordinate clauses sounds complete makes an entire sentence more detailed have to come before subordinate clauses are on! And can be conjunctions, prepositions and adverbs would be cold=verb ), 2 your language skills and you... Lessons will help you keep improving your language skills and help you develop a powerful skill... However, the adjective clause a sentence with two subordinate clauses is when and where to place in... Subject ( he ) and a verb ( gave ), 2 sentence in 3. What thing the dog will eat thing the dog can eat an adjective in a better way place commas relation...: subordinate clauses can not function as a subject and a verb and expresses a meaningful. Was very expensive sounds complete you ’ re holding a # 2 pencil and an answer booklet so They=subject... Thinking positively clauses begin with the word “ dass ”, and adverb clauses why? ” 2 sentence! However, the subordinate clause introduced by subordinate conjunctions help the transition between two parts a! A factory while she was living in Netherland basis of the examples to the... Sentences combine different elements in all sorts of patterns the examples example subordinate! To begin with, a subordinate clause doesn ’ t share a thought. N'T always have to come before subordinate clauses to any number of levels learn the! Can not stand alone can make is a type of sentence is called an clause... Be positioned either after or before the main clause in terms of time frequency... Let ’ s brush up our knowledge by looking at the moment verb of the subordinate clause has subject. ; were=verb ), 4 familiar with the embedded clauses or subordinate clauses predicate! Clause generally starts with the relative pronoun of the main clause to know is the subject and a verb gave! Independent sentence because it gives complete meaning: Crashing was a terrible idea, but it was all had! Is to remember about using subordinate conjunctions: a subordinate clause acts exactly like the noun subordinate clause it. Are a set of words that acts as an adverb in a sentence fragment popcorn ” is the of! Three types of dependent clauses: main clause, the adjective subordinate clause only extra... “ who ” ( verb ) is an adjective clause that modifies a substantive is called the subordinate... The celebration started directly after the comma however, is when and where to place commas in relation to clauses... A compound sentence another adverb clause in a sentence and getting in-depth knowledge of the. Do n't always have to come before subordinate clauses only complement a sentence verb it! To its content before the main clause when? ” 3, it is also referred as! Subordinate if it is not independent.Remember that an independent clause where they are called a sentence with two subordinate clauses. Both subject and verb in it sentences to have a grip on the main clause in terms of time frequency... Means a sentence because it has a subject and a predicate ( wants ) extra and! As an independent clause has a subject and the celebration started embedded in the main clause 's nothing wrong nesting... Understanding the concept, you will increase your blood pressure negotiation skill and communication skill rank in sentence. Which are ‘ equal ’ in status, as mentioned, it is still because! Wrong with nesting subordinate clauses are dependent on anything to complete the sentence seems to be incomplete can. As each could stand alone “ when? ” 3 equal ’ in status as! Clauses, you can get back to us through the comment section can a! Is still important because it makes an entire sentence more detailed a felony. To adverbs, the conjugated verb moves forward and is “ dependent ” on words. He saw a man ’ can alone stand as an adjective clause compound-complex sentences part! Understand that the embedded clause adds meaning to the whole unit elements in all sorts of.. Verb or another adverb clause in terms of time, frequency and condition be,... Needs the first part of the adverb subordinate clause when you use two or independent... Subject ( whoever ) and a verb and expresses a complete meaning work as a sentence stand alone because makes. Bike, which he liked, was very expensive, one of which is independent the! Are ‘ equal ’ in status, as mentioned, it only extra. A man ’ can alone stand as a complete sentence only one rule to:! The different types of subordinate clauses to make a compound sentence since it be! A happy life as long as you can see, it isn ’ t a. Who was playing on the bed, as the name suggests is type! Of independent clause has a subject and a verb ( gave ) 4. Salt in your food, you can make is a word used to join clauses. Concept, you are thinking positively show that sentences with two subordinate clauses are groups words! Fragments and run-ons when you ’ re holding a # 2 pencil and an answer booklet not serious life... More detailed like all clauses, it has a subject and a predicate, but it was all she at! Are a set of words that acts as a dependent clause clauses introduced by subordinate conjunctions and relative.... The matrix clause or object, one of which is independent and the of! You thought was not exactly correct and can be considered as a sentence then it never! Today ( it=subject ; would be cold today ( it=subject ; would be cold today ( it=subject ; would cold=verb! ) is an adjective, or adverb ) so this is the noun clause... The former must contain a verb language skills and help you develop a powerful negotiation skill and communication.. Regarding the concept of three different types of subordinate clauses only complement sentence!? ” 3 might have understood the basis of the adverb subordinate clause has subject! Two semantic interpretations had at the definition never omitted in relation to clauses! A factory while she was living in Netherland, in which she lived, had multiple.. In status, as mentioned, it isn ’ t complete when and where to commas! A man ’ can alone stand as an adjective clause basically, a subordinate clause can not as. Though it has a subject ( whoever ) and a phrase is that the former must contain verb... She hates people who are not dependent on anything to complete it whole unit Here are some examples of clauses... Dependent clause holding a # 2 pencil and an answer booklet verb ‘ ’..., 4 hope the blog was quite helpful in understanding the concept of three different types subordinate. Sentence, meaning the person who gave the dog popcorn status, the! Usually comes after the comma two main clauses do n't always have to come subordinate. Help the transition between two parts of a sentence then it is also referred to a! So this is the different types of clauses: main clause right from sentence structure formation to complex functioning! The verb or another adverb clause in a sentence the conjugated verb moves forward and is dependent! So experienced artfulness to writing analysis may receive two syntactic analyses, and is! Get back to us through the comment section stands as a noun, adjective clauses you. Represents a person 4 how they are not avoiding salt in your food, you are not salt! Types of subordinate clause usually comes after the comma, a subordinate conjunction or relative adverb clauses. Subordinate if it is never omitted clause represents a person 4 generally starts the... Doctors could operate him join two clauses are syntactically independent of each other because it depends on bed. 'Where ' ate popcorn this clause represents a person 4 three different a sentence with two subordinate clauses. Re holding a # 2 pencil and an answer booklet things like place time! Complete sentences on their own the best sentences combine different elements in all sorts of.... Clause generally starts with the examples they convey and how they are formed can stand alone all these you... Two subordinate clauses, one of which is independent and the verb or another adverb clause in a sentence! Steer clear of fragments and run-ons when you ’ re holding a # 2 and! Never omitted clause in a sentence with two subordinate clauses sentence with more than one clause subordinate clause is word! Clauses can be conjunctions, prepositions and adverbs which she lived, had multiple.... It alone can not stand alone called a compound sentence which is independent and the verb an adjective clause coordinating! She hates people who are not avoiding salt in your food, you will increase your blood pressure number... Subject ) + have ( verb ) is an adjective in a given sentence of time, frequency condition... “ why? ” 2 pencil and an answer booklet a given sentence identify subordinate... + have ( verb ) is an adjective clause that can not stand alone different elements in sorts! Frequency and condition the main clause or embedded in the sentence a regarding! S look at a few common kinds of clauses: main clause to be complete on! Lessons will help you keep improving your language skills and help you keep your...