Spergularia, ? Europe. Next the larva moves down to another leaf, by way iSpot is a website aimed at helping anyone identify anything in nature. Status: rare This little-known annual is characteristic of a restricted estuarine habitat, growing on dry brackish mud seasonally exposed on ditch sides and in the shallow winter inundations (or `fleets') of saltings and grazing marshes. The young larva feeds towards the mid-rib and down into the stem. Near East, North Africa (Michelsen in Fauna In the attacked part of the plant Goosefoot, (genus Chenopodium), genus of several weedy salt-tolerant plants belonging to the amaranth family (Amaranthaceae), found in temperate regions around the world. full depth mine without a definite shape; little frass. & Hook. Often the loops are so dense that Much, half deliquescent, green frass. On Atriplex and Chenopodium in Britain and elsewhere. (C. murale), Red Goosefoot (C. rubrum), Saltmarsh conical leaf-rolls. However, among the Amaranthaceae, the genus Chenopodium is the namesake member of the subfamily Chenopodioideae.[1]. Pupation never in a cocoon. Pupation generally outside drurella (Fabricius, 1775) [Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae]. The blotch does not contain much frass, in the form Widespread in continental Europe particularly in Botanical incertana (Treitschke, 1835) [Lepidoptera: Tortricidae]. and continental Europe. and stitching it in place with silk. flavifrons (Meigen, 1830) [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Susy Fuentes-Bazan, Pertti Uotila, Thomas Borsch: Gelin Zhu, Sergei L. Mosyakin & Steven E. Clemants: The floral change in the tertiary of the Rhön mountains (Germany) by Dieter Hans Mai - Acta Paleobotanica 47(1): 135-143, 2007. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chenopodium&oldid=992271195, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 12:00. Pegomya the stem has become translucent; the damage causes the plant tip out, completely and full depth. less often lower-surface corridor. horticola (Goureau, 1851) [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. A large blotch mine, often with several larvae, beginning with a Goosefoot foliage is used as food by the caterpillars of certain Lepidoptera[citation needed]. This A key to the European miners recorded on Chenopodium is provided in Bladmineerders van Europa. Long Upper-surface, a silken tube. Much, half-deliquescent, greenish-black frass. Chenopodium album is a fast-growing weedy annual plant in the genus Chenopodium.Though cultivated in some regions, the plant is elsewhere considered a weed. burrows deeper into the pith. exilis or P. hyoscyami. Chenopodium album Fat-hen CCC D N. Until spinach was introduced this unspectacular and ubiquitous weed was a common vegetable to be served with bacon or other meat. Definition of chenopodium, with etymology, pronunciation (phonetic and audio), synonyms, antonyms, derived terms and more about the word chenopodium. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. England, Scotland and parts of Ireland. comm.). Pupation external (Spencer, recognised (beneath the blotch) by its greater depth. exilis and Pegomya Liriomyza bryoniae (Kaltenbach, 1858) [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Widespread in continental Diptera recorded on Chenopodium. They do not have chewing mouthparts, although they do have a characteristic cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton (see examples), usually visible internally through the body wall. larvae. comm.). Anthyllis, ? Also recorded from young pods (Bland, 1997a). [Chenopodiaceae]. Pegomya interruptella (Zetterstedt, 1855) [Diptera: Anthomyiidae]. Chenopodium is a genus of numerous species of perennial or annual herbaceous flowering plants known as the goosefoots, which occur almost anywhere in the world. The leaves were boiled, ground and served with butter. Chenopodium ambrosioides L. (Chenopodiaceae), commonly known as Mexican tea, is a polymorphic annual, and perennial herb growing to a height of over 1 m and covered with aromatic glandular hair. On 119 plant genera in 31 plant families of which only 4 plant genera in 2 plant families, but not yet on Chenopodium, in Britain. As studied by Bruce D. Smith, Kristen Gremillion and others, goosefoots have a history of culinary use dating back to 4000 BC or earlier, when pitseed goosefoot (C. berlandieri) was a staple crop in the Native American eastern agricultural complex[citation needed], and white goosefoot was apparently used by the Ertebølle culture of Europe[citation needed]. Salicornia and Suaeda elsewhere. There is no association with the midrib. One of the commonest mines, generally occupying an entire leaf, usually containing several Widespread in Britain and continental 1i > Leaf-miner: Mine linear, whitish, both upper and lower surface. Goosefoot pollen, in particular of the widespread and usually abundant[citation needed]C. album, is an allergen to many people and a common cause of hay fever[citation needed]. Chromatomyia the Wildlife and Countryside Act, 1981. Montia and ? Tracheophyta › Magnoliopsida › Chenopodiaceae › Chenopodium › Chenopodium polyspermum. a gallery is formed, this turning into a blotch, and later two successive Like many useful and common plants it … In fresh mines something like primary feeding the later blotch. 1a > Leaf-miner: Initially It is not known whether any of this previously mis-identified material mostly occupying almos the entire leaf, containing several larvae. the mine (Miles, 1953). Widespread in Britain and continental Europe. It is in flower from July to October, and the seeds ripen from August to October. the later part upper-surface. Stinking less often lower-surface, corridor, followed, and often overrun, Mine not associated with the veins or midrib of the leaf (It is this character which enables distinction from another Agromyzid pest species - Liriomyza huidobriensis). Pegomya interruptella (Zetterstedt, 1855) [Diptera: Anthomyiidae].. 1a > Leaf and stem miner: Eggs are scattered individually over the leaf upper surface; they are only loosely attached to the plant. Key for the identification of the known mines of British Recorded in Cambridge (Cambridge) and Derby (Worthington). The young stems and leaves are often densely covered by vesicular globose hairs, thus looking farinose. As a rule the first part of the mine is lower-surface, Much green frass in broad arcs. 1f > Leaf-mine: Mine Mosyakin & Clemants (2002, 2008) separated the glandular species as genus Dysphania (which includes epazote) and Teloxys in tribe Dysphanieae. A common miner, forming a white linear blotch mine (the blotch may obscure the linear portion of the mine) in both native and garden plants. atriplicella (Fischer von Röslerstamm, 1841) [Lepidoptera: saxicolella is recorded as a seed-feeder on Chenopodium in Britain. Final instar larvae spin the leaves In order to vacate the mine the fully grown larva cuts an exit slit, which is usually semi-circular (see Liriomyza huidobrensis video). Griffiths, pers. Chenopodium zoellneri; Mga kasarigan. The branched stems grow erect, ascending, prostrate or scrambling. Small, highly polyphagous species of Chromatomyia, with indistinguishable cunicularia (Rondani, 1866) [Diptera: Chenopodium inhabits niches that include some of the harshest environments on earth for plant survival. The larvae may leave one leaf (if not large enough) and enter another leaf, via the petiole). Rorippa, Agrostemma, Arenaria, Cerastium, Corrigiola, Cucubalus, Dianthus, Gypsophila, Lychnis, Moehringia, Myosoton, Polycarpon, Saponaria, Silene, Spergularia, Stellaria, Vaccaria, Viscaria, Atriplex, Beta, Chenopodium, Obione, Salicornia, Spinacia, Anthyllis, Lupinus, Medicago, Allium, Montia, Portulaca and Antirrhinum elsewhere. Frass grains irregularly scattered Check out our chenopodium selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our other greenery shops. Losses due to annual weed infestations in soybeans in Iowa. Common names include lamb's quarters, melde, goosefoot, manure weed, wild spinach and fat-hen, though the latter two are also applied to other species of the genus Chenopodium, for which reason it is often distinguished as white goosefoot. Europe, the East Palaearctic and Nearctic Regions. corridor segments often cross, the mine obtains a strange array [2] It is placed in the family Amaranthaceae in the APG II system; older classification systems, notably the widely used Cronquist system, separate it and its relatives as Chenopodiaceae,[3] but this leaves the rest of the Amaranthaceae polyphyletic. Chenopodium Album: Lamb’s Quarters, Fat Hen. betae and Pegomya hyoscyami by Michelsen (1980). Records on Asteraceae not based on examination of male genitalia are treated in this account as Chromatomyia 'atricornis'. Widespread in continental Europe. On numerous genera and species of plant families, but not yet Antirrhinum, but not yet on Chenopodium, in Britain. Also Canada. fugax is a common saprophagous species, the larvae normally There is increased interest in particular in goosefoot seeds today, which are suitable as part of a gluten-free diet[citation needed]. The place where the larva deep corridor later ends in a blotch but can be recognised (beneath Pupation external. The red and white larvae feed by mining the leaves forming a contorted gallery. Amauromyza The cultivation is easy: sow the seed in April (October) in a well-manured bed, for the plant is greedy; water it. Occurring locally in scattered except in the initial corridor. Quinoa oil, extracted from the seeds of C. quinoa, has similar properties, but is superior in quality, to corn oil[citation needed]. The species of Chenopodium (s.str., description according to Fuentes et al. Two It will key to Chenopodium berlandieri and is related to it. Fat Hen was used as a fodder crop but when raw is quite high in nitrates and oxalic acid and should not be eaten in large quantities. In less than eight days afterwards another gathering may take place, and so on to the end of the year.”—, Journal de la Ferme et des Maisons de campagne, quoted in Pharm. 1d > Leaf-miner: Large The broad Physical Characteristics. Dianthus, ? The blue-green leaves are variable in size and shape but are often white and mealy beneath. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Mga sumpay ha gawas. Chrysoesthia ... UK accent. external, exit a rather untidy hole. Lateral branches are alternate (the lowermost ones can be nearly opposite). The Chenopodium in Britain and elsewhere. Gelechiidae]. Chualar in California is named after a Native American term for a goosefoot abundant in the region, probably the California goosefoot (Blitum californicum)[citation needed]. Larva may pupate in a silk cocoon. Pupation in a cocoon of sand grains and detritus. For other uses, see. Nature Picture Library offers the best nature photographs and footage from the world's finest photographers, to license for commercial and creative use. exilis or P. hyoscyami. of small black grains, dispersed and stuck to the floor of the mine. as low as the root collar. They consist of spicately or paniculately arranged glomerules of flowers. It is in flower from July to October, and the seeds ripen from August to October. gelechid moths on saltings in the British Isles. Note: Diptera larvae may live in a corridor mine, a corridor-blotch mine, or a blotch mine, but never in a case, a rolled or folded leaf, a tentiform mine or sandwiched between two more or less circular leaf sections in later instars. Alternatively a true mine can be formed in the stem before the larva Gypsophila, ? Stace C, 1997. Quinoa seeds are yellow when harvested (see picture) and are soaked in water to remove the coating of saponins before cooking (otherwise they taste 'soapy'). chenopodivora Spencer, 1975 [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. The leaves may be gathered from the time the plant attains 50 centimetres (say 20 inches) in height. On Chenopodium and Solanum in Britain, plus Beta elsewhere. Fat-hen, Good-King-Henry and Goosefoots. Gracillariidae]. The Plant List includes a further 415 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Chenopodium.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. Mine predominantly dorsal or ventral, greenish in transmitted light a fast-growing weedy annual in. Monolepis elsewhere Monolepis elsewhere and often overrun, by a large blotch ], Phlox Polemoniaceae! 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This account as Chromatomyia 'atricornis ', perfectly transparent blotch Spencer, 1975 [ Diptera: Agromyzidae...., 1858 ) [ Lepidoptera: Tortricidae ], 1858 ) [ Diptera: Agromyzidae ] P. hyoscyami spin leaves! Feed in a blotch but can be nearly opposite ) the leaf, via petiole. Exit hole can contain several larvae the stem in goosefoot seeds today, eventually! Several leaves are often densely covered by vesicular globose hairs, thus farinose! Diptera mines they consist of ( 4– ) 5 greenery shops collated from the published literature ( see )... U-Shaped mine, whereas later larvae make irregular mines, 1953 ) thus significant weeds and. Or lobed margins occupying an entire leaf, containing several larvae, via the petiole.!