When oxygen levels are altered in the water, this can also degrade the quality and longevity of life in wildlife that lives underwater. Thermal pollution may also cause significant departures from nor activities of aquatic communities. However, the effects are still lasting today. Effects of Thermal Pollution . Therefore cooling towers are designed to control the temperature of water to make the cooling process more effective. One of many real problems that warm water may cause is faster metabolism, which means animals need more food. Migration away from the polluted area contributes to a dramatic loss of biodiversity at sites where thermal pollution happens. This is because continued soil erosioncauses siltation and sedimentation thus raising the water levels which enlarges the surface area of the water exposed to sunlight. The following are the main effects of thermal pollution: ADVERTISEMENTS: (i) Changes in temperature have a disastrous effect on aquatic life, plants and animals. These toxins may contain chemicals or radiation that may have a harsh impact on the local ecology and make them susceptible to various diseases. This is thermal pollution. Changes in the environment may cause certain species of organisms to shift their base to some other place while there could be a significant number of species that may shift in because of warmer waters. Bodies of water naturally tend to dissipate the heat gained from warm currents, underwater hot springs, and from the sun. However, thermal pollution is a real and persistent problem in our modern society. An increase in the optimum water temperature by industrial process (steel factories, electric power houses and atomic power plants) may be called as “Thermal Pollution.” Many industries generate their own power and use water to cool their generator. This algae bloom problem is probably the most common and best-known side effect of thermal pollution. Any kind of alterations (especially, increase in water temperature) can affect the reproductive system of those animals. This is why many industrial operations pull in relatively cool water to cool their machinery and let the relatively warm water flow back into the river or lake or sea. (And Ways To Protect Peonies), Do Deer Eat Roses? The reproduction of marine animals happens in a specific range of temperatures. âThermal shockâ can kill off insects, fish, and amphibians. Harmful Effects of Thermal Pollution So, how does thermal pollution affect the environment? What is Thermal pollution? • It is the degradation of water quality by any process that changes ambient water temperature. This means that the overall temperature of the water source will rise, having significant impacts on the environment. Birds may also be forced to leave in search of areas with more food. The warm water can also cause particular species of organisms to migrate to a suitable environment that would cater to its requirements for survival. 1. A dent in the biological activity in the water may cause a significant loss of biodiversity. The excess of heat dissipated into air or water from the industries increases the temperature of the system and hence, causes thermal pollution. Natural causes like volcanoes, geothermal vents and hot springs under the oceans and seas can trigger warm lava to raise the temperature of water bodies. The thermal discharge (rejected heat) of power plants can be used in other purposes like: Most of these potential physical applications are applicable in colder regions or locations. Production and Manufacturing plants are the biggest sources of thermal pollution. Here are some of the ways in which thermal pollution impacts aquatic life: 1. Thermal pollutionis an unnatural change in the ambient temperature of a waterbody that deteriorates its quality. Thermal pollution: Thermal pollution is defined as the addition of excess of undesirable heat to water thereby making it harmful to man, animal or aquatic life. A significant halt in the reproduction of marine wildlife (although this may be true, reproduction can still occur between fish – but the likelihood of defects in newborns is significantly higher) can happen due to increasing temperatures as reproduction can happen within a certain range of temperature. In Florida, manatees spend the winter near power plants, where the cooling water they use warms up the shallow salt water. Soil erosion, deforestation, and runoff from paved areas are other artificial sources of hot water. Increased density of gases, viscosity, and solubility in water … Other species may suffer birth defects or lay deformed eggs because of chemical changes in the body caused by warmer water. Thermal pollution is the degradation of the local environment, in particular the localized waterways, that are changed by the discharge of waste water from the power plant. A threatened or endangered local population may be wiped out or put under even more pressure. Artificial lakes are man-made water bodies that offer a possible alternative. Geothermal vents and hot springs introduce excess heat into bodies of water. A common cause of thermal pollution is the use of water as a coolant by power plants and industrial manufacturers. Water is an excellent, and free, cooling agent. Various industrial processes use water as coolant and discharge hot water into the natural resource that affects the ecosystemand nearby communities. Reproductive problems can further reduce the diversity of life in the polluted area. This water i… (And What to Do With Old Junk Mail), Can You Recycle Lighters? This is the simplest and cheapest method that cools the water to a considerably low temperature. Thermal pollution can change the biology of aquatic organisms in a variety of ways. Causing an increase in the temperature of a water body such as a lake or sea changes the content of the water and damages its fragile ecosystem. Some power plants use control methods to reduce the effects of thermal pollution. Another major source of thermal pollution is water runoff from … The temperature of the ocean increases due to thermal pollution. However, thermal pollution can be beneficial to some species. It is similar to pouring a hot pitcher of water into a bathtub full of water that causes the water to jump a few degrees Fahrenheit. Small water temperature increases the level of activity, while higher temperature decreases the level of activity. Thermal pollution also has some natural causes. Electric power plants are a major source of thermal pollution. However, some lean towards the side that without these industries operating the way they do, some of the most fundamental parts of human life would be completely obsolete. Soil erosion is another major factor that causes thermal pollution. Consistent high water discharge into natural water bodies favors the growth of … The streets, parking lots and other covered spaces are heated up by the sun. After using water from water sources for cooling purposes, it is subsequently returned to the water body after passing through the condenser, which is termed as the cooling process. Control temperatures in urban areas. The Effects of Thermal Pollution: The effects of thermal pollution are diverse, but in short, thermal … The past few days, months, and years have tested us all. Warmer water can reduce the fertility of some organisms. Sources of thermal pollution: The following sources contribute to thermal pollution. They then eject that water back into the natural resource, which changes the oxygen levels and can have disastrous effects on local ecosystems and communities. Chemical pollution is an almost inevitable side effect of using water for cooling. We usually think of animals as casualties of water pollution, but multi-celled aquatic plants are also at risk when thermal pollution changes the local aquatic ecosystem. With the increase in temperature of the receiving water, the dissolved oxygen (DO) decreases, and the demand for oxygen increases, causing anaerobic conditions. This sudden loss of life causes further issues with the ecosystem. Diminishes the oxygen level in water bodies: Thermal pollution diminishes oxygen levels in water bodies because as the temperature of the water is raised, the dissolved oxygen escapes from the water body and is converted into atmospheric oxygen. 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