I’m sure you can feed those safely to animals, but they are not native greens. It’s a great companion plant for gardening because it’s long taproot brings up nutrients to the shallow-rooting plants in the garden adding minerals and nitrogen to the soil. Common Dandelion Species Description These plants are from foreign areas (those that occur outside of North America north of Mexico) that have been released intentionally or unintentionally. Taraxacum officinale, the Common Dandelion is a herbaceous perennial plant. Retrieved: readers supply the date, from http://wildfoods4wildlife.com. Dandelion can be found throughout the growing season, but these are the best dates for mass harvest. Nevertheless, look for the familiar yellow flower heads displaying closely packed florets (tiny flowers). T. officinale is considered a weedy species, especially in lawns and along roadsides, but it is sometimes used as a medical herb and in food preparation. Because dandelions reproduce without fertilization, innumerable variants have arisen. dandelion blooming its little heart out "dandelion propagating it's little heart out" Some may think I'm crazy, but I think the dandelion seedhead is a thing of beauty. Contrary to popular belief, this is a beneficial plant to have. Dandelions are known botanically as Taraxacum officinale and are members of the daisy family, Asteraceae. There are no threatened or endangered dandelion species in the eastern half of the United States. It's thought that the introduction of this species to North America was intentional, as people wanted a flower that reminded them of their old homes, and as it was used medicinally. Dandelion is a common meadow herb of the Asteraceae or sunflower family. Taraxacum albidum has not common name. [Web log post.] Discard any seed that ever appears moldy. The common dandelion grows just about anywhere including fields, roadsides, and, unfortunately, lawns. For example, Rothmaler's flora of Germany recognizes roughly 70 microspecies. As mentioned, there are a good number of dandelion green lookalikes that are emerging from the ground right when dandelion emerges in the spring, and often in the same areas. Native to Europe, it has spread nearly worldwide. Once out of the bottle, though, the genie proved uncontrollable. Dandelions are native to Eurasia, but have been introduced to North America, South America, India (where it hadn't reached naturally), Australia, New Zealand and probably anywhere else where Europeans, the people, have migrated. Glass or metal works best, because all plastics are somewhat porous to humidity. dandelion faceclock This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in … In most parts of the world, dandelion is known as weed. Many greens are very sensitive to exposure to ethylene gas, though greens themselves are low emitters of the gas. Refrigeration and freezing works well, but allow container to warm to room temperature before opening. See the E-Flora BC common dandelion page for further information. Dandelion is a flowering plant that belongs to the family Asteraceae. The seeded dandelion head is an incredible efficient means of population. officinale) Although Katmai has multiple species of native dandelions, the common dandelion is a threatening invasive in the park. The bright yellow petal-like rays of the bloom are several and are arranged in concentric layers around the central axis; each petal has five well defined bristles at their tip. Blade and petiole form a 90-130 degree angle: Prenanthes. This whole cleaning process took me less than 15 minutes. non Rodin : Taraxacum vulgare Lam. There will be a little bit of dust left in with the seed. Basal leaves borne on long petioles roughly equal to or longer than the blade; blade widens abruptly from the petiole. Midrib cross-section forms a low, rounded hump on leaf underside: Taraxacum (dandelion), Cichorium (Chicory), or Hypochaeris (Cat’s ear), go to 4. But if you want to collect a lot of seed and flower head all at once, look for that first large spring bloom before the first grass mowing of the season. Kew Species Profiles. Dandelion is a persistent, perennial weed of lawns, borders and hard surfaces. Just so ya know. Erect hairs most prominent on midvein especially below: Cichorium (chicory). But more than any other flower, dandelion flower petals are eaten by 12 known species of mostly birds. I collect all my seed for the year right in that first, most substantial crop. Dandelions in Finland are known by the collective name Taraxacum officinale , but they should really be spoken about in plural form because they are so diverse, comprised of about 500 micro-species in Finland alone. The silky "parachutes" of the rounded head easily catch the wind and can be carried across a vast radius. datasets have provided data to the NBN Atlas for this species aggregate. Read on to the bottom for some example of look-alikes. – common dandelion Subordinate Taxa. New York: Dover Publications. National Wildlife Rehabilitators Association, St. The green bracts underneath the sepals and flower head fold downward (recurved) like a jester’s collar. It is also cultivated in many parts, including France and Germany. 2. Dandelion inhabits different habitats that provide enough sunlight: meadows, grasslands, edges of the forests, gardens and lawns. All leaves long and narrow, grass-like, V-shaped in profile, margins smooth and entire; latex light brown: Tragopogon (salsify). The dandelion flower opens to greet the morning and closes in the evening to go to sleep. The common dandelion is a well-known common weed of lawns, roadsides, and other disturbed places. Canning jars and lids work well. Dandelions can be found in bloom, scattered here and there throughout the growing season. The basal leaves often vary in size, ranging from 5-40 cm. Available: http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/forb/taroff/all.html [2016, December 24]. Fernald : Common Name(s): common dandelion [English] blowball [English] faceclock [English] dandelion [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted It’s difficult to … 5. Place in a colander or salad spinner to drain, then layout a towel and spread the greens on the towel and roll up the towel. The familiar bright yellow flower and dark green jagged leaves of the Common Dandelion. There are around 30 species of dandelion that can be found all over the world. Common dandelion is a familiar early spring flowering (February/March) perennial plant species in the daisy family (Asteraceae), which is typified by composite daisy-like flowers. Asteraceae or Compositae (commonly referred to as the aster, daisy, composite, or sunflower family), is a very large and widespread family of flowering plants (Angiospermae).. The dandelion taproot, thick, sturdy and dark brown, can penetrate the soil up to 10 to 15 feet. You may get longer quality by adding with a product that reduces free ethylene gas in the refrigerator. The tooth of the lion refers to the dandelion’s leaves which are serrated and look much like teeth. Dandelions Vs. Italian Dandelions. The bright yellow flowers are between the size of a quarter and a fifty cent piece. Dandelion are a family of flowering plants that grow in many parts of the world. I wait for a warm, dry, windless day during that 1-2 week period and try to harvest all the seed I will want for the whole year. The width of the leaves can be between 1 to 1.5 inches wide. And another thing. They … Types of Dandelions: Yellow The common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) sports an iconic bright-yellow flower and grows in USDA hardiness zones 3 through 10. What is the scientific name of Dandelion? This sun-loving beauty is a native of Greece, naturalized in temperate regions throughout the world, and familiar to nearly everyone. The reason for the genus name seems pretty clear: in Greek Leontodon means lion´s tooth and this was (and still is) a common name of the dandelion in many languages. Ursus americanus. To make sure I don’t pick a wrong species when I am hurrying along, I always look for the little telltale button bud of the flower in the center of the leaf rosette. Common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) is the familiar, bright yellow dandelion that pops up along roadsides, in meadows, along riverbanks, and of course, in lawns. General Description: Probably the most well know of all wildflowers, the common dandelion measures an average of 5-45 cm. Native to Europe, it has spread nearly worldwide. Taraxacum officinale ssp. The silky "parachutes" of the rounded head easily catch the wind and can be carried across a vast radius. It can be found growing in temperate regions of the world, in lawns, on roadsides, on disturbed banks and shores of water ways, and other areas with moist soils. But identification solely off the leaf with no flower present can be more difficult. 6. The Common Dandelion is common and widespread throughout the UK, Ireland a much of Europe. Green leaves can be harvested at anytime spring to fall, but are tastier and less fibrous when young and small in late spring. The basal leaves are broad and long having irregular teeth and lobes. Citation: Guenther, K. (2017, January 12) Common dandelion as wildlife food. The common dandelion or Taraxacum officinaleis a herbaceous perennial plant belonging to the family of the Asteraceae. They are lanceolate-to-ovate and often have deep, irregular teeth and/or lobes. Greens are 11th in popularity on our Great Greens list, while seeds are 33rd in usage compared to other seed. Type species Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg. There is a brief period in mid to late April when the first big flush of dandelion flowers go so seed en mass, about the same time that field mustard is at its peak. It can be both a pioneer species on freshly disturbed soil and a longer-term constituent of established vegetation. Clip the bag closed or seed may waft out. The bitterness provided by the milky latex acts as a digestive aid that helps “clean out” the liver. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). In April they almost dominate the landscape. One seed from a dandelion blown by the wind can start 200 or more new plants. Place seed in a tightly sealed, glass container and store in a dark, cool area for up to 1 year. Nature’s Garden: A Guide to Identifying, Harvesting and Preparing Edible Wild Plants. There are about 100 species of dandelion, and all are beneficial.. It is rare for a plant to be so common, well-known and vigorously hated as dandelion. This species of dandelion can be found in eastern Eurasia, and they are native to the southern part of Japan. The leaves are sometimes used as a salad vegetable and the flowers are used in making dandelion wine. There are a great many sub-species … The Common Dandelion, isn't it lovely? (I don’t recommend blowing-breath winnowing for this plant because the fine dust will irritate your throat.). In most parts of the world, dandelion is known as weed. Label the bag with the plant name and which animals it should be used for. Solitary new dandelion plants along fence rows, roadsides, flower beds, and in turfgrass should be grubbed out (removed by digging out the entire plant, taproot and all) before they produce seed. Schinz & R. Keller : Taraxacum palustre var. For more information, see References & Citations, © 2020 Wildfoods 4 Wildlife - Website by Clayton Hamshar, Leaves are always in a rosette on the ground—no leaves come out of the stems, Leaf rib (back of leaf center axis) is generally hairless (but there could be a white wooly-looking bit), Only one yellow flower between the size of a quarter and a fifty cent piece per plant, Flower “petals” are squared off, not pointed at the tips, The leaf’s central axis in cross-section is rounded, no edge to it. In addition to the identification guide of your choice, you should see all these features on dandelion to help you rule out look-alikes, of which there are a few: Most everyone knows dandelion flowers. Originally from Europe, it occurs nearly worldwide. Dandelion is common in pastures, lawns, orchards, hay fields, waste ground and roadsides. Dandelion knives and similar specialized tools are available for removing individual weeds and their roots while minimizing soil disturbance. Electric fan or wind winnowing will finish the cleaning. Scott, M. (2013). Greens are good until they become dry and crispy, fad in color, or become slimy or moldy. It was used for such conditions as abscesses, appendicitis, boils, caries, dermatitis, fevers, inflammations, leucorrhea, liver ailments, mastitis, scrofula, snakebites, and stomachaches. The leaves of the common dandelion are lobed and spoon-shaped, and the stem exudes a milky white sap if it is broken. Appearance; The problem; Control; What is dandelion? Dandelions are well-known, robust weeds; vernacular names for the dandelion include 'wet-the-bed' and 'pissy-beds', which refer to the belief that just touching part of a dandelion can cause bed-wetting. in height. The stalk or stem (peduncle) below the flower rises from a rosette of leaves at ground level. 4. USDA, NRCS. dandelion blooming its little heart out "dandelion propagating it's little heart out" Some may think I'm crazy, but I think the dandelion seedhead is a thing of beauty. There is some evidence that dandelions evolved as far back as 30 millions years ago. Dandelion's common name is derived fr… Be aware that grocery stores are starting to stock “Italian dandelion” greens. Here are some of the more common varieties of dandelion plants: Common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) is the familiar, bright yellow dandelion that pops up along … Dandelions are perennial, herbaceous plants that grow best in moist, sunny areas found in all parts of the northern temperate zone. Plants that have been disseminated or escaped as a result of human activity, and become established somewhere within the United States, Canada or Greenland. Two species, T. officinale and T. erythrospermum, are found as weeds worldwide. Cat’s ear leaves are very hairy on both side of the leaf, dandelion leaves are hairless. Common name Dandelion Botanical name Taraxacum officinalis Area affected Lawns, hard surfaces and cultivated ground Caused by Spread by seed and regenerates from tap root Timing Flowers March to October Jump to. These two species are so common that they are considered an invasive species due to their hardiness and ability to spread quickly. (1951). It can be both a pioneer species on freshly disturbed soil and a longer-term constituent of established vegetation. Choose carefully which of the couplets describes your plant, proceeding until you have arrived at the correct genus. Key below from From Samuel Thayer’s in Nature’s Garden: A Guide to Identifying, Harvesting and Preparing Edible Wild Plants, used with permission. The seeds should very easily detach from the flower if mature and ready for harvest. They are an invasive species in some areas. The leaf stalk is hollow and exudes a milky white latex when torn. Dandelion taxonomy is currently unresolved and complicated by issues such as hybridization; horned dandelion (T. ceratophorum) is a complex of native species, while red-seeded dandelion (T. laevigatum) is an introduced species with deeply divided lobes along the length of its leaves. Plants that have been disseminated or escaped as a result of human activity, and become established somewhere within the United States, Canada or Greenland. Then check the seed for dryness, and if dry enough, remove the desiccant and immediately repack the seed into an airtight container. 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