Construction on the dam and power station began in 2005 and the first generator was commissioned in 2013, the last in 2014. Mao Zedong, also known as Chairman Mao, was a Chinese communist revolutionary who became the founding father of the People's Republic of China, which he ruled as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976. But, historically, the river is also considered as one of the violent and vicious rivers in the world. It was regarded as the goddess of protection by local fishermen and boatmen in China. Its total drainage area is about 752,546 square kilometers (290,560 sq mi). Because of its key role in domestic transportation, Wuhan is sometimes referred to as "the Chicago of China" by foreign sources. During the catastrophic Yangtze floods of 1998, which killed 4,000 and ruined 7 million homes, heavy rain triggered floods in upstream areas as well. It is located near the town of Xiluodu in Yongshan County of Yunnan Province but the dam straddles into Leibo County of Sichuan Province on the opposite side of the river. Omissions? By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The Yangtze is the sixth-largest river by discharge volume in the world. 3). 4-1954 Yangtze flood(Chinese Edition) [BU XIANG] on Amazon.com. The floods large enough to overflow the dikes have caused great distress to those who live and farm there. Increases in the region’s population led to efforts to control the river. Subsequently, more-effective levees were built, but the floods of 1954 and 1998 were still highly destructive and killed some 30,000 and 3,650 people, respectively. The city of Wuhan, the capital city of Hubei province, China, has a long and rich history that dates back over 3,500 years. Nov. 11, 2020. 1954 Yangtze river flood synonyms, 1954 Yangtze river flood pronunciation, 1954 Yangtze river flood translation, English dictionary definition of 1954 Yangtze river flood. Yangtze river flood (1954) The Yangtze River is the largest river in Asia and the third largest in the World, and also accounted for nearly 20% of China’s GDP. But, historically, the river is also considered as one of the violent and vicious rivers in the world. Title: THE 1954 YANGTZE RIVER FLOOD DISASTER Subject: THE 1954 YANGTZE RIVER FLOOD DISASTER Keywords: NO CHANGE GLASS. From June to September of 1954, the Yangtze River Floods were a series of catastrophic floodings that occurred mostly in Hubei Province. Events in the year 1957 in China. Below, is his poem "Swimming" [3] (1956), envisioning future bridge and dam construction on the Yangtze: [4], Sails move with the wind. The country had an estimated population of 635 million people. From June to September 1954, the Yangtze River Floods were a series of catastrophic floodings that occurred mostly in Hubei Province. As of the 2010 census, its population was 4,059,686 inhabitants whom 1,350,150 lived in the built-up area made of Yiling, Xiling, Wujiagang and Dianjun urban districts as Xiaoting District is not urbanized yet. 4). Due to unusually high volume of precipitation as well as an extraordinarily long rainy season in the middle stretch of the Yangtze River late in the spring of 1954, the river started to rise above its usual level in around late June. The Gezhouba Dam or Gezhouba Water Control Project on the Yangtze River is located in the western suburbs of Yichang City in central China's Hubei province. Statistical analysis indicates that the annual mean discharge of the three stations has slightly decreased over the last century (Fig. The Plant Memorial, a 50-foot granite obelisk, was erected in 1923 at the Yangtze Three Gorges to perpetuate the name of Samuel Cornell Plant. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/science/Yangtze-River-floods. The dam proved effective during the extraordinarily rainy summer of 2010 by holding back much of the resultant floodwaters and … EMBED. It stands north of the Han and Yangtze Rivers where the Han flows into the Yangtze. It is not to be confused with the Chinese white dolphin or the finless porpoise. This project was funded by Zigui County Office of Immigration and managed by Qu-Yuan Township Government. It was the second largest flood to hit the region, reaching a height of 9.4 metres in Rockhampton on February 19, 1954. Worse, another 100,000 were murdered by starving marauders. In 1998, the entire Yangtze drainage area suffered from tremendous flooding. The dam was subsequently rebuilt. Compared to the 1998 Yangtze River Floods, this flooding was more severe in terms of total flow of water, but less in terms of the highest level that the flood water reached. The water level at peak was higher in the middle reaches although the flood discharge was less than in 1954. From June to September 1954, the Yangtze River Floods were a series of catastrophic floodings that occurred mostly in Hubei Province. 6 essential time management skills and techniques The reason why the 1998 flood Floods of note include those of 1931, 1954, and 1998. The Three Gorges Dam is a hydroelectric gravity dam that spans the Yangtze River by the town of Sandouping, in Yiling District, Yichang, Hubei province, China. As a result, when the lower Yangtze basin has experienced sustained heavy rains, the consequences have been catastrophic. Yangtze reach and 5.65×10 4 m3 s-1 in the middle Yangtze; and in 1954, 4.95×10 4m 3s-1 was recorded in the upper reaches, 6.65×10 m s-1 in the middle and 8.42×10 4 m3 s-1 in the lower reaches ( Fig. Fed by tributaries some of which come from the Shennongjia Forestry District, the stream flows south, falling into the Yangtze opposite the city of Badong. One of the major objectives of the Three Gorges Dam project was to alleviate flooding on the lower Yangtze. It is operated by China Yangtze Power and is currently the third-largest power station with the fourth-tallest dam in the world. Blog. In 1954, a series of deadly floods hit the Hubei province of central China.These floods were significant for many important reasons. Yangtze reach and 5.65×10 4 m3 s-1 in the middle Yangtze; and in 1954, 4.95×10 4m 3s-1 was recorded in the upper reaches, 6.65×10 m s-1 in the middle and 8.42×10 4 m3 s-1 in the lower reaches ( Fig. This paper compares the 1998 and 1954 floods in the Yangtze River. The New York Times Archives. The bridge, built from 1965 to 1971, was the third road-rail crossing on the lower 2,884 km of the Yangtze below Yibin. Establishment of the Great Jinjiang levee caused silting up of the riverbed and valley in the mid-reaches of Yangtze. Despite efforts to open three important flood gates to alleviate the rising water by diverting it, the flood level continued to rise until it hit the historic high of 44.67 m (146.6 ft) in Jingzhou, Hubei and 29.73 m (97.5 ft) in Wuhan. The monument was originally located at Big Temple Hill in Xintan. Noun 1. The Qing River is a right (southern) tributary of the Yangtze River in Hubei province of south-central China. Due to unusually high volume of precipitation as well as an extraordinarily long rainy season in the middle stretch of the Yangtze River late in the spring of 1954, the river started to rise above its usual level in around late June. Shen Congwen romanized as Shen Ts'ung-wen, is considered to be one of the greatest modern Chinese writers, on par with Lu Xun.Regional culture and identity plays a much bigger role in his writing than that of other major early modern Chinese writers, he was known for combining the vernacular style with classical Chinese writing techniques. From June to September 1954, the Yangtze River Floods were a series of catastrophic floodings that occurred mostly in Hubei Province. Due to unusually high volume of precipitation as well as an extraordinarily long rainy season in the middle stretch of the Yangtze River late in the spring of 1954, the river started to rise above its usual level in around late June. Among the carvings on the monument is a calligraphic inscription by Mao Zedong, dedicated to the people of Wuhan: Below, is his poem "Swimming"(1956), envisioning future bridge and dam construction on the Yangtze. This flooding is certainly not the first of its kind: the Yangtze River basin experiences large floods about every 10 years, each causing suffering and extreme damage to the economy and environment. Modern-day Wuhan is known as 'China's Thoroughfare' (九省通衢) due to its status as a major transportation hub, with dozens of railways, roads and expressways passing through the city and connecting to other major cities. From June to September 1954, the Yangtze River Floods were a series of catastrophic floodings that occurred mostly in Hubei Province. Wuhan briefly serving as the capital city of China in 1927 in 1937. Third, the construction of levees has caused flood levels to rise due to restricted flood discharge capacity. The name of the province means "north of the lake", referring to its position north of Dongting Lake. The dam sits a few kilometers upstream from downtown Yichang, just downstream of the fall of the Huangbo River into the Yangtze. 4-1954 Yangtze flood(Chinese Edition) It's the most populous city in Central China, and one of the nine National Central Cities of China. On August 18, 1931, the Yangtze River in China peaks during a horrible flood that kills 3.7 million people directly and indirectly over the next several months. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Despite the death of 30,000 people in the devastating 1954 Yangtze floods, the regime sabotaged the natural defences against flooding in the middle and lower Yangtze regions. He was the first Upper Yangtze River Inspector of Chinese Maritime Customs Service, the first to command a merchant steamer plying on the Upper Yangtze River (1900), and the first to command regular Upper Yangtze commercial steamship service for the Chinese firm, Sichuan Steam Navigation Company. From June to September 1954, the Yangtze River Floods were a series of catastrophic floodings that occurred mostly in Hubei Province. His theories, military strategies, and political policies are collectively known as Maoism. Yangtze River floods, floods of the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) in central and eastern China that have occurred periodically and often have caused considerable destruction of property and loss of life. Buy 4-1954 Yangtze flood(Chinese Edition) by BU XIANG (ISBN: 9787807080060) from Amazon's Book Store. Due to unusually high volume of precipitation as well as an extraordinarily long rainy season in the middle stretch of the Yangtze River late in the spring of 1954, the river started to rise above its usual level in around late June. Life has always sprung up around the Yangtze River. Major catastrophic floods occurring over the last century include events in 1911, 1931, 1935 and 1954, which have claimed the lives of over 300,000 people. The Zhicheng Yangtze River Bridge is a road-rail truss bridge across the Yangtze River at Zhicheng, Hubei Province in central China. Partly as a result of this flood, the pressure to build new dams, the Gezhouba Dam and the Three Gorges Dam, in the upper reach of Yangtze river, gained considerable momentum. Construction started on December 30, 1970 and ended on December 10, 1988. The Yellow River or Huang He is the second longest river in China, after the Yangtze River, and the sixth longest river system in the world at the estimated length of 5,464 km (3,395 mi). *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. 4-1954 Yangtze flood(Chinese Edition) It comes as no sur… Additionally, the dam provides for flood control, silt control and its regulated water releases are intended to improve navigation downstream. On August 18, 1931, the Yangtze River in China peaks during a horrible flood that kills 3.7 million people directly and indirectly over the next several months. View on timesmachine. The climate on the river is often milder then its cousin the Yellow River making it more suitable for agriculture. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Tortoise and Snake are still. Subsequently, more-effective levees were built, but the floods of 1954 and 1998 were still highly destructive and killed some 30,000 and 3,650 people, respectively. Antonyms for 1954 Yangtze river flood. The Yangtze River has been responsible for some of China's worst natural disasters. The baiji is a functionally extinct species of freshwater dolphin formerly found only in the Yangtze River in China. Hubei is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the Central China region. Yichang is a prefecture-level city located in western Hubei province, China. It lies in the eastern Jianghan Plain on the middle reaches of the Yangtze River's intersection with the Han river. From June to September 1954, the Yangtze River Floods were a series of catastrophic floodings that occurred mostly in Hubei Province. In 256 BC, during the Warring States Period of China an amazing irrigation system the Kingdom of Quin built, which is still in use today. The Xiluodu Dam is an arch dam on the Jinsha River, i.e. The longest river in China overflowed and caused massive flooding, leading to the death of 100,000 people. Due to unusually high volume of precipitation as well as an extraordinarily long rainy season in the middle stretch of the Yangtze River late in the spring of 1954, the river started to rise above its usual level in around late June. The 1954 flood … The flood of 1931 covered more than 30,000 square miles (77,700 square km)—including the cities of Nanjing and Wuhan—killed more than 300,000 people, and left 40,000,000 more homeless. Yangtze Flood Seen From Air. In 1969, a large stone monument was erected in the riverside park in Hankou (City of Wuhan, Hubei) honoring the heroic deeds in fighting the 1954 flood. Corrections? The provincial capital is Wuhan, a major transportation thoroughfare and the political, cultural, and economic hub of Central China. The Banqiao Reservoir Dam is a dam on the River Ru in Zhumadian City, Henan province, China. Cif y.^Y 3" TS S 0 A'1Ct is -;-i 70.2 Director of Central Intelligence The 1954 Yangtze River Flood Disaster Unprecedented rainfall in the Yangtze valley this 25X1 spring and suer--19 inches in June alone--has caused one of the worst floods of the century in the Yangtze River valley. The primary flood region is the lower course, downstream of the Three Gorges Dam, an area in which the river flows through low-lying terrain dotted by lakes, marshes, and meandering streams. 2. On September 6, 1911, the Yangtze River flood was one of the deadliest disasters China has ever experienced. In 2014, the dam generated 98.8 terawatt-hours (TWh) and had the world record, but was surpassed by the Itaipú Dam, which set the new world record in 2016, producing 103.1 TWh. The Three Gorges Dam is located within its administrative area, in Yiling District. The river bisects China proper from west to east, and every major north-south bound highway and railway must cross the Yangtze. Its failure in 1975 caused as many as 230,000 deaths. Despite efforts to open three important flood gates to alleviate the rising water by diverting it, the flood level continued to rise until it hit the historic high of 44.67 m in Jingzhou, Hubei and 29.73 m in Wuhan. The Three Gorges Dam has been the world's largest power station in terms of installed capacity (22,500 MW) since 2012. The 1954 floods today remain the largest and most devastating to ever hit many communities on the New South Wales north coast. Due to unusually high volume of precipitation as well as an extraordinarily long rainy season in the middle stretch of the Yangtze River late in the spring of 1954, the river started to rise above its usual level in around late June. 3). The region evolved into an important port on the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, and the cities of Hanyang, Hankou and Wuchang were united into the city of Wuhan in 1926. The dam has a total installed electrical capacity of 2,715 MW. Because it was located within a flooding area related to the Three Gorges Dam Project and considered an important historical landmark for Three Gorges shipping history, the monument was moved to higher ground and restored between June 28, 2002 and January 18, 2003. Due to unusually high volume of as well as an extraordinarily long rainy season in the middle stretch of the Yangtze River late in the spring of 1954, the river started to rise above its usual level in around late June. The YangtzeRiver, which is 6,380 km (3,964 mi) long, is the longest river in Asia and the third-longest in the world. THE 1954 YANGTZE RIVER FLOOD DISASTER Keywords: NO CHANGE GLASS. It uses a variety of sources, including previously classified government reports and oral history testimony, to challenge the official narrative. 1954 YANGTZE RIVER FLOOD DISASTER Item Preview remove-circle Share or Embed This Item. The primary purpose of the dam is hydroelectric power generation and its power station has an installed capacity of 13,860 MW. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). From June to September 1954, the Yangtze River Floods were a series of catastrophic floodings that occurred mostly in Hubei Province. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. It is the second largest city in the province after the capital, Wuhan. The Yangtze River is the largest river in Asia and the third largest in the World, and also accounted for nearly 20% of China’s GDP. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Inscription on the triumph of the people of Wuhan over the flood". Mid-Reaches of Yangtze increases in the region ’ s major waterways 2,884 km of the area to handle rains! 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