In the trilingual Behistun inscription of Darius the Great (c.520 BC), the Babylonian toponym “Urashtu” appears in Old Persian as “Armina,” and in Elamite as “Harminuia,”corresponding to modern “Armenia.” [1] [2] In Hebrew (as recorded in the Bible) this land was called Ararat. late 6th century BC, Darius the Great, Behistun Inscription, Column 3, lines 76-83 King and R.C. In cuneiform inscriptions, in particular, the Behistun inscription, Rowlinson has frequently encountered the name Gumiris. The following is taken from a translation made by L.W. There will be an expansive presentation with pictures and descriptions of historical monuments in Armenia and Iran, as well as a discussion of the relationship between the Armenian and Old Persian languages.Armenia is a nation with ancient The Behistun inscription is a long text on Persian history, engraved on a cliff about 100 meters off the ground along the road between modern Hamadan (Iran) and Baghdad (Iraq), near the town of Bisotun. Nshan Kesecker will discuss what Behistun’s importance is to Armenia, as well as the history of Armenia in the Achaemenid Persian Empire. In addition, the first mention of the people who would later spread across Europe were discovered in the Armenian Highlands. Darius I (Old Persian Dârayavauš): king of ancient Persia, whose reign lasted from 522 to 486. The Behistun Inscription. Thompson (The sculptures and inscription of Darius the Great on the rock of Behistûn in Persia, 1907 London).Included int his excerpt are the Revolt of the Armenians against Darius, and the Second Babylonian revolt, led by an Armenian named Arakha. In antiquity, the name of the village was Bagastâna, which means "place where the gods dwell". Records of the name Armenia can be traced back to the 6th century BC. Armenia and Urartu are synonymous. The Behistun Inscription is a relief with accompanying text carved 330 feet (100 meters) up a cliff in Kermanshah Province, Western Iran. King Darius says: An Armenian named Dādarši, my servant, I sent into Armenia, and I said unto him: 'Go, smite that host which is in revolt and does not acknowledge me.' The Behistun Inscription, carved into a cliffside, gives the same text in three languages (Old Persian, Babylonian, Elamite) telling the story of King Darius' conquests, with the names of 23 provinces subject to him.It is illustrated by life-sized carved images of King Darius with other figures in … Old Persian [] Etymology []. Darius fought several foreign wars, which brought him to India and Thrace. Stone and Copper Age Shulaveri-Shomu culture. It is believed that Darius I the Great of Persia mentioned Urashtu in Babylonian and it is believed to be Armenia in the Old Persian language, which has been found in the behistun inscription writings. He seized power after killing king Gaumâta, fought a civil war (described in the Behistun inscription), and was finally able to refound the Achaemenid empire, which had been very loosely organized until then. The toponym “Urartu” emerged as a regional […] The work tells the story of the victory of the Persian king Darius I (the Great, r. 522-486 BCE) over his rebellious satraps when he took the throne of the Achaemenid Empire (c. 550-330 BCE) in 522 BCE. Old Persian Armina is the first unambiguous application of the name Armenia as the ethnonym of the Armenians and is first attested in 6th century BC Behistun inscription by Achaemenid king Darius I of Persia.Like most place names in West Asia the Persians borrowed it from Aramaeans, whom the Achaemenids employed in their chancelleries. c. 6500–3400 BCE Areni-1 Cave Complex Kura–Araxes culture