The word wasn’t used in reference to other diseases until Louis Pasteur (mentioned above) started doing so. It means, “being, made of, caused by, similar to, having to do with, having the nature of.” It comes from French -ique, from Latin -icus, and Greek -ikos, all of which come from the PIE suffix - (i)ko. It is the hypothetical source of/evidence for its existence is provided by: Sanskrit dati "cuts, divides;" Greek dēmos "people, land," perhaps literally "division of society," daiesthai "to divide;" Old Irish dam "troop, company;" Old English tid "point or portion of time," German Zeit "time. Origins of Epidemic and Pandemic Epidemic, which may be traced to the Greek epidḗmios (“within the country, among the people, prevalent (of a disease)”), may carry broader meanings, such as “excessively prevalent,” “contagious,” or “characterized by very widespread growth or extent” (often used in a non-medical sense). The two words are used in ways that overlap, but in general usage a pandemic is an epidemic … Widespread endemic diseases with a stable number of infected people such as recurrences of seasonal influenzaare generally excluded as they occur simultaneously in large regions of the globe rat… Holiday Zoom Backgrounds From Around the World, Let’s Party! The Latin name for the cowpox virus is variolae vaccinae, which comes from Latin, vaccinus, meaning, “from or pertaining to cows.”. epi )) + demos people, district (see… The earliest meaning of a pandemic was not in reference to a disease-category, but in the sense of “pertaining to all people; public, common”. From all these it finally disappeared about 1680, at the close of a period of pandemic prevalence; In short, if we regard the history of this disease as a whole, it appears to have lost such power from the time of the Great Plague of London in 1665, which was part of a pandemic wave, until the present day. épidémique, from épidemié an epidemic disease, from M.L. A pandemic disease is an epidemic disease that spread over a wide area, an entire country, or … epidemia prevalence of an epidemic disease (especially the plague), from epi among, upon (see EPI (Cf. The circle of light seen around the sun during a total solar eclipse is also called the corona, and was named in 1890 by Spanish Basque astronomer José Joaquín de Ferrer. 2 entries found. pandemic Pertaining to all; human; hence, sensual; not spiritual. Etymology of Endemic The origin of Endemic refers to the Greek word Endēmios and French words Endémique (17th century). Incidentally, the English word cow is a very old word dating back to the PIE root gwou- and is pretty much the same in all Germanic languages. At this point in the news cycle, it may be prudent to define "flu epidemic" and its far scarier sibling, "flu pandemic." An epidemic (from Greek ἐπί epi "upon or above" and δῆμος demos "people") is the rapid spread of disease to a large number of people in a given population within a short period of time. A pandemic disease; a disease that hits a wide geographical area and affects a large proportion of the population. Blog Home / Language Learning / The Origins and Definition of Pandemic Related Words. πάνδημος is derived from παν- (pan-, prefix meaning ‘all, every’) (ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *peh₂- (“to protect, shepherd”)) + δῆμος (dêmos, “the common people; free citizens, sovereign people”) (ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *deh₂- (“to divide, share”)). A pandemic is just an epidemic that has spread wide enough to affect (or potentially affect) every community in the world. A pandemic (from Greek πᾶν, pan, "all" and δῆμος, demos, "people") is an epidemic of an infectious disease that has spread across a large region, for instance multiple continents or worldwide, affecting a substantial number of people. Your email address will not be published. The term epidemic (from the Greek epi [on] plus demos [people]), first used by Homer, took its medical meaning when Hippocrates used it as the title of one of his famous treatises. In terms of an epidemic vs pandemic, there are a few things to be aware of. In many European and Scandinavian countries, currency is often referred to as crowns, or kroner due to the habit of imprinting the current monarch on the coins. The -ic part of pandemic is a word-forming element from Middle English -ick, – ike, or -ique, that’s used for making adjectives. Meaning of epidemic with illustrations and photos. Etymology. An epidemicdisease is one “affecting many persons at the same time, and spreading from person to person in a locality where the disease is not permanently prevalent.” The World Health Organization (WHO) further specifies epidemicas occurring at the level of a region or community. The noun, "a pandemic disease," is recorded by 1853, from the adjective. I used to think etymology — study of the roots of words — was an arid subject. PIE is fascinating because it is essentially an ancestral language that links many modern languages spoken today. The word comes from a PIE root sker- (2) or ker-, which means “to turn, or bend.”  You’ll recognize this root in words like circle, circumference. First recorded in the 1660s, this word comes from the Latin word pandemus, which itself comes from the Greek pandemos, pan- meaning “all, every, whole,” derived from PIE pant- meaning “all,” and dēmos, meaning “people.”  You’ll recognize dēmos, in words like demotic, which refers to the language of the common people. “Epidemic” has been used in English as an adjective since 1603 and as a noun since 1757. The word plague came into use in English in the 1540s as a term for a pestilence with many casualties after the bubonic plague began to scourge Europe. Modeled on epidemic; OED reports that it is "Distinguished from epidemic, which may connote limitation to a smaller area." pandemic — [[t]pænde̱mɪk[/t]] pandemics N COUNT A pandemic is an occurrence of a disease that affects many people over a very wide area. This time on Word Nerd, I wanted to explore the origins of some of the words we’ve been hearing in the news during this unprecedented time on our planet. PIMSLEUR® is a registered trademark of Beverly Pimsleur, used by Simon & Schuster under exclusive license. A pandemic may be defined as a type of epidemic, but not every epidemic is a pandemic. First recorded in the 1650s, from Latin, corona, meaning, “crown,” from Ancient Greek, korōnè, meaning, “garland, wreath.”  In ancient Rome, this word specifically referred to a type of garland or crown given to people who performed admirably in military service. Are you wondering about what is the difference between epidemic and pandemic? It means, “being, made of, caused by, similar to, having to do with, having the nature of.”  It comes from French -ique, from Latin -icus, and Greek -ikos, all of which come from the PIE suffix -(i)ko. All of these words come from the PIE root plak- (2), meaning “to strike.”. #3 . Compare Late Latin pandēmus (“affecting all the people, general, public”). The following is a breakdown of these concepts in layman’s terms. Your email address will not be published. “Epi” in “epidemic” means “among” or “upon,” so "epidemic" means "among the people." Another epidemic of the disease originated from Rome in 1743, spreading throughout much of Europe and bringing the word to the British Isles. pandemic In phytogeography, growing throughout the world: cosmopolitan. I hope that learning about these words helps you too. I find that writing and researching words helps me stay grounded and reminds me of the connections we have through the words and languages we share. I have most certainly used a very large amount of PIE root words in writing this paragraph. and to order by phone. Smallpox was a very big problem for humans prior to around 1800. Flu (spelled originally as flue, as seen above) excises the second syllable of the word. pandemic (adj.) n pandemic A pandemic disease. So, if an epidemic has not reached a global level, it would still remain an epidemic and if you need to call an outbreak pandemic, it is a … It was observed that milkmaids, due to having been exposed to a similar but much less deadly infection called cowpox, had developed an immunity to smallpox. (adj.) Louis Pasteur, famous for his breakthroughs in the creation of the rabies vaccine, speculated that viruses existed, but the observation of a virus by microscope wouldn’t happen until 36 years after his death, when the electron microscope was invented in 1931. Related words - epidemic synonyms, antonyms, hypernyms and hyponyms. When the virus spread to other countries in 2020, however, the epidemic became a pandemic. First recorded in English in the late 14th century, this word comes to us from the Latin, virus, meaning, “poison, sap of plants, slimy liquid, a potent juice,” from Proto-Italic weis-o-(s-) meaning, “poison,” itself likely from the PIE root ueis-, meaning “slime, rot, strong smell, poison.”  You can find the root ueis- in words like viscous and viscosity. From French épidémique, from épidémie, from Latin epidemia, from Ancient Greek ἐπιδήμιος (epidḗmios), from ἐπί (epí, “upon”) + δῆμος (dêmos, “people”). Finally, there’s “pandemic”, where the Greek pan means “common, all”. It forms all or part of: betide; daimon; Damocles; deal (v.); deal (n.1) "part, portion;" demagogue; demiurge; democracy; demography; demon; demotic; dole; endemic; epidemic; eudaemonic; geodesic; geodesy; ordeal; pandemic; pandemonium; tidal; tide (n.) "rise and fall of the sea;" tidings; tidy; time; zeitgeist. Pronunciation of epidemic and its etymology. Ancient Greek (grc) pandemus. English (eng) (medicine) Epidemic over a wide geographical area and affecting a large proportion of the population.. This word comes from Old English fefor, or fefer, which is from the Latin febris and is related to another Latin word fovere meaning “to warm, or heat.”  There is some debate on the origin of febris or foever. Digital products purchased from this site are sold by Simon & Schuster Digital Sales Inc. The word epidemic is older than pandemic and it is thought that the word pandemic was modeled after epidemic. During the Black Plague of the mid 1300s, Venice established a 30-day isolation, or in Italian, trenta giorni or, trentino on all ships attempting to make port in order to assure that no one on board was infected. Endemic, Epidemic or Pandemic? The Capitalism Virus — Etymology of an Epidemic in India — by Amulya Anita Gurumurthy — July 29, 2020 Five months into the pandemic, it is evident that the government is … of diseases, "incident to a whole people or region," 1660s, from Late Latin pandemus, from Greek pandemos "pertaining to all people; public, common," from pan- "all" (see pan-) + dēmos "people" (see demotic). Surface analysis epi- (“on”) +‎ demic (“of the people”) . At that time, epidemic was the name given to a collection of clinical syndromes, such as coughs or diarrheas, occurring and propagating in a given period at a given location. Late Latin (LL) pandemic. It can also lead to more social disruption, economic loss, and general hardship on a … I hope this journey through language, geography, science, and history was a welcome break from the news. Believe it or not, this word actually relates to cows! Pandemic suggests universal, widespread, and general : Fear of atomic warfare is pandemic. A widespread endemic disease with a stable number of infected people is not a pandemic. Its use as a period of isolation not necessarily related to disease was first recorded in the 1520s and stood for the length of time in which a widow had the right to stay in her husband’s house after his death, which was forty days. According to the Centers for Disease Control, the first known influenza pandemic struck in 1580. Common Spanish Phrases for Your Next Fiesta, Get Into the Spirit With These Unique Latin American Holiday Traditions. of diseases, "incident to a whole people or region," 1660s, from Late Latin pandemus, from Greek pandemos "pertaining to all people; public, common," from pan- "all" (see pan-) + dēmos "people" (see demotic ). British physician Edward Jenner accidentally invented the vaccine by injecting people with the cowpox virus, or vaccinae, making them immune to smallpox as well. Example sentences containing epidemic Some linguists think it’s from the PIE root dhegh-, meaning “burn.”  Others speculate it comes from an old Sanskrit word element bhur-, meaning “to be restless.”. Indo-European is a large family of languages, spoken by about half the world’s population including English, Spanish, German, Russian, Greek, Latin, Armenian, Albanian, Lithuanian, Persian, Hindi, and Hittite. "The related word epidemic comes from roots that mean 'on or upon the people.' Anyway back to vaccine! Some of the largest pandemics in history include the bubonic plague in the 14th century and the Spanish influenza of the early 20th century. pandemic - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. This guide focuses on the current news: an outbreak of mumps in the Midwest and the spread of the H5N1 strain of the influenza virus. From Ancient Greek πάνδημος (pándēmos, “of or belonging to all the people, public”) + English -ic (suffix forming adjectives from nouns with the sense ‘of or pertaining to’). This suffix is thought to be the origin of the Slavic suffix -sky, Polish -ski, and Russian -skii and means “pertaining to.” You’ll recognize this suffix in many Slavic names, like for example my dear sweet friend Jenn Sutkowski’s name. Related: Pandemia. A pandemic is an epidemic that has spread to … Epidemic VS Pandemic. © & ℗ 2011 - 2020 Simon & Schuster, Inc. Pimsleur® is an imprint of Simon & Schuster Audio, a division of Simon & Schuster, Inc. All rights reserved. Definition of epidemic in the Fine Dictionary. The term “a pandemic … A pandemic affects a higher number of people and can be more deadly than an epidemic. ". ? The -ic part of pandemic is a word-forming element from Middle English -ick, –ike, or -ique, that’s used for making adjectives. 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