Classroom discussion questions, writing assignments, student activities, and tips for parents. There is a saying also about justice that says “Fairness and justice are two sides of the same coin. to demand justice ; The civil power dealing with law. “Fairness” is the most subjective form of justice, but still suggests “an appeal to reasonableness and open-mindedness.” (S. I. Hayakawa, Choose the Right Word, 1968) But postmodern multiculturalism has dismissed reason, the “rationalistic” mentality, and “objective consciousness” as Western cultural artifacts. Seven justices based its decision on the following points: . Envy is feeling pain at someone’s well-deserved good fortune. Research shows that, for most of us, fairness is a relative term. Webb’s strong alibi that he was in the United States * Alfaro’s testimony will fall apart if Webb was not in the crime scene and will relieve the others accused of the crime C. OUR VIEWPOINT IN THIS CASE There were so many questions and mysteries that were attached in the case since it was happened. The other strengths in Justice are fairness, leadership, and teamwork. Stage by Stage 5 - 6 . Justice and fairness are concepts or notions that are hard to define without taking the help of the other. Chapter 8: ETHICS. EXAMPLE: justice upholds Natural Law whereas fairness most often undermines it. Equality All people are treated equally before the law with an equal This two-part guide is an easy-to-read summary of the essential skills you need for a Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila (University of the City of Manila) Intramuros, Manila JUSTICE AS FAIRNESS As a fulfillment for the requirement in the Values and Professional Ethics Submitted by: Agustin, Joan Astor, Trixie Dahug, Regine Submitted to: Prof. Malanum, Justice and Fairness. Former Paranaque City policeman Gerardo Biong was found guilty as an accessory for burning bedsheets and tampering with other evidence in the crime. It is most often depicted with a set of scales typically suspended from her left hand, upon which it measures the strengths of a case’s support and opposition. Pain at others’ good fortune turns to envy, and rejoicing in bad luck is spiteful. 1. all human beings are equal and each person has an equal claim to society’s goods. To make an assessment of your sense of fairness, ask yourself a series of questions: Justice takes pleasure in others getting ‘what they deserve’. Most concepts of justice are based on ethics, morals and equality for every human beings. Are congressional districts drawn to be fair? Five-year-olds can be rule driven, with a keen sense of justice. When the notion of justice becomes shared by all citizens, and equality is achieved, civility between members of society will restrict the use of some individuals as means to personal ends. When you find yourself in a situation where you think you may need to exercise justice or fairness, there are some questions you can use to help. The National Bureau of Investigation says it no longer has the semen specimen/vaginal smear taken from Carmela’s cadaver. Civilityis the duty to work within a reasonable system in good faith to seek justice according … "Justice as Fairness: Political not Metaphysical" is an essay by John Rawls, published in 1985. John Rawls’ Justice as Fairness. Prison regimes are rife with everyday injustices: inconsistent processes, arbitrary decisions, bureaucratic delays, ignored complaints, poor living conditions and … Justice and fairness are used almost interchangeably. Justice was served. The high court reverses its decision granting Webb’s request for DNA testing. If you find yourself unable to congratulate a colleague on their promotion, even though you know that they deserved it, you could well be suffering from envy. In a full court decision, the Supreme Court approves Webb’s request for DNA testing. INTRODUCTION: What is justice? A mother and her two daughters are found dead in their own home. may be acquitted. The second is Mrs Doasyouwouldbedoneby, who is beautiful, kind and loved by everyone who meets her. A scale symbolizes equilibrium and balance. The appellate court denies the reconsideration plea of the accused and upholds their sentence of reclusion perpetua. They were sentenced to life imprisonment and ordered to indemnify the Vizconde family Php 3 million for the murders. "You must agree to out terms of services and privacy policy", Don't use plagiarized sources. It is he who has created a concept of social justice called “justice as fairness.”. PRINCIPLE OF FAIR EQUALITY OF OPPURTUNITY the claim that everyone should give an equal opportunity to qualify for the more privileged positions in society’s institutions. your own paper. Jan. 6, 2000. Two of the accused remain fugitives from the law: Joey Filart and Artemio Ventura. It is important to find a balance for your personal feelings and sense of fairness and justice. Justice, quite simply, forms the foundation of a civilised society. l. due to “overwhelming evidence that showed Webb and the other accused had conspired to rape Carmela and, in the process, kill her and the rest of the family. The Court of Appeals upholds the guilty verdict. Is affirmative action fair? ... As a result, a general tightening up of the system is required, starting with the approach to procedural fairness. You'll get our 5 free 'One Minute Life Skills' and our weekly newsletter. The first is Mrs Bedonebyasyoudid, who treats people in a way that reflects the way that they have treated others, and who is frankly quite scary. How can I be sure that equal value will be placed on what is received? Think, for example, of the emancipation of women, the downfall of apartheid in South Africa, or the civil rights movement in the USA. DIFFERENCE PRINCIPLE claim that a productive society will incorporate inequalities, but takes steps to improve the position of the neediest members of the society. The second eBook, Living Well, Living Ethically, considers how you can live your best life all the time. Justice relates to the concept of treating others well. The accused party do not stop appealing, they apply for motion of reconsideration of the case but The Court of Appeals’ Third Division voted 3-2 to deny Webb’s motion for reconsideration and upheld the ruling of Judge Tolentino on December 16, 2005. They especially need to obtain original documents in hand and not just review photocopies (e. g. , Hubert’s passport). It was originally published in 1971 and revised in both 1975 (for the translated editions) and 1999. The standards of justice are generally taken to be more important than utilitarian considerations. Justice is not measured by the status of victim and the suspect in their respective society. Procedural fairness also applies where a person has a legitimate expectation (for example, continuing to receive a … The Palace has already ordered the probe. We'll never share your email address and you can unsubscribe at any time. In other words, it is pleased when people who have done good things get rewarded, or ‘bad’ people get their comeuppance, and sorrow if ‘bad’ people seem to do well, or good people suffer. Spite, like envy, is a feeling that sometimes happens when we see someone with something that we think we should have, whether that is a promotion, money or a big house. Justice describes strengths that help you connect in community or group-based situations. Living Well, Living Ethically. Oct. 28, 2010. The fact that the symbol for justice was a scale was not appropriate if we were going to connect it with the issue of Vizconde Massacre. You can get your custom paper from SAMPLE CASE OF JUSTICE AND FAIRNESS The Vizconde Massacre A. Justice means giving each person what he or she deserves, or, in more traditional terms, giving each person his or her due. Justice vs Fairness . To make our home, school, community and world a better place for all people. Material from skillsyouneed.com may not be sold, or published for profit in any form without express written permission from skillsyouneed.com. (2016, Sep 30). Paranaque RTC Judge Amelita Tolentino turns down Webb? From research on fairness in organizational contexts (‘organizational justice research’) we know that fairness is one key. how the criminal law reflects these principles, by using an example of criminal plea and sentence in the County Court. There exist obvious similarities of the ideas of fairness and justice. Procedural fairness means fairness in the procedures followed when arriving at an administrative decision. fairness would apply to a decision to cancel a licence or benefit; to discipline an employee; to impose a penalty; or to publish a report that may damage a person’s reputation. In the context of conflict, the terms 'justice' and 'fairness' are often used interchangeably.Taken in its broader sense, justice is action in accordance with the requirements of some law. Is our tax policy fair? Distributive Justice… Justice as Equality: Egalitarianism “ Every person should be given exactly equal shares of a society’s benefits and burdens”. Brief Background (timeline) Some of the highlights of a murder case that has gripped the nation for nearly two decades: June 30, 1991. This is when the principles of justice and fairness come in. This explanation applies the broader view that reflects justice and fairness as connected concepts. If you find that you tend towards those extremes, try hard to rejoice or commiserate genuinely with others instead. The Volunteers Against Crime and Corruption(VACC) asked Justice Antonio Carpio and his cousin Justice Conchita Carpio-Morales to take a leave while the case is being decided to avoid undue influence on the court’s decision. ] We also suggest that they must verify carefully the authenticity of all the evidential documents provided by the Webbs. Finally, we suggest that the Palace and the Senate intervene if the Supreme Court renders Hubert Webb immune to further retrial due to the double jeopardy prohibition. June 1995. Building Confidence | Developing Resilience, Subscribe to our Newsletter | Contact Us | About Us. ” In our world today they are many ways we have seen how justice work into our society, we as a society live by rules but we rules are in some ways meant to be broken. Subscribe to our FREE newsletter and start improving your life in just 5 minutes a day. healthy mind and body. For information on how to reference correctly please see our page on referencing. Envy, on the other hand, is pained when anyone has any good fortune, whether deserved or not. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy, The input space is limited by 250 symbols. Judge Tolentino finds Webb and the other accused guilty. Your ‘just deserts’, or a pre-emptive strike? Justice and fairness are talked about in the same breath, and we have come to accept that what is just is also fair and that to be seen as fair, we must be just. The resultant theory is known as “Justice as Fairness”, from which Rawls derives his three principles of justice: PRINCIPLE OF EQUAL LIBERTY the claim that each citizen’s liberties must be protected from invasion by others must be equal to those of others. To make sure that everyone has the chance to succeed. Why? Unreliability of Jessica Alfaro’s testimony: * Alfaro had prior knowledge on the facts of the case having been an asset of the National Bureau of Investigation (NBI) * Alfaro was not able to explain why the house was ransacked if robbery was not the motive of Webb and his group 3. No acquittal has been made as to the two accused, Filart and Ventura, who remain at-large. The court ruled that the Paranaque RTC was correct in sentencing Webb et. It is seen through many eyes around the world, many of the ways justice is portrayed in different ways because laws are different around the world. Loss of DNA evidence not a ground for outright acquittal 2. This case must be solved and the Philippine Supreme Court needs to get the decision right, without any question marks. Two other suspects, Joey Filart and Dong Ventura, remain at large to this day. All you need to do is fill out a short form and submit an order. our expert writers, Hi, my name is Jenn Justice comes with its own rules it can uphold a fair sentence or see the nasty side of how people can portray the justice system. Note that the Administrative Decisions (Judicial Review) Act 1977 (Cth) shows contemporary (1970s) usage in referring to the ground that “a breach of the rules of natural justice occurred in connection with the making of the decision”. It is a principle that is fundamental to the administration of justice and a person can file an appeal and get a decision overturned on the basis that procedural fairness was not observed. If you need this or any other sample, we can send it to you via email. Social and economic inequalities are arranged so that they are both: a. o the greatest benefit of the least advantaged persons, and (difference principle) b. attached to offices and position open to all under conditions of fair equality of opportunity ( principle of fair equality of opportunity) Rawls also proposes a general method for evaluating in a fair way the adequacy of any moral principle, it consists of: determining what principles a group of rational self- interested persons would choose to live by if they knew they would live in a society governed by those principles but they did not yet know what each of them would turn out to be like in that society. The use of material found at skillsyouneed.com is free provided that copyright is acknowledged and a reference or link is included to the page/s where the information was found. And, nothing is perfect. Of the 15 Justices, 7 voted for acquittal while four dissented and four Justices, including Carpio, did not participate. In fact, fairness admits to the ‘right’ to make law as necessary to further the purpose of whatever it is believed should be as opposed to what is. Fours are just beginning to learn about the concept of fairness. It notes the NBI declaration that it can no longer produce the semen samples, and adds: Consequently, the DNA analysis ordered by this court upon the request of appellant Webb can no longer be done. 1. s request for DNA testing to see if the DNA in the recovered semen samples from Carmela would match his. procedural fairness (see, for example, David Bennett AO QC, Is Natural Justice becoming more rigid than Traditional Justice AIAL, 3rd National Lecture Series 2006), rather than focussing upon the justice of the individual case, set against the background of the relevant … Personal and Romantic Relationship Skills, Teaching, Coaching, Mentoring and Counselling, Goodness: Learning to Use Your ‘Moral Compass’, Goodness: Learning to Use Your Moral Compass. Self-Control, Self-Mastery Sometimes the word can become the deed, and you may even find that your feelings change too! 1. All, for the most part, were driven by a strong sense of unfairness among first a few, and then many more, and not just among the disenfranchised groups concerned. Universality and Reversibility: Justice and Fairness Similarly, some believe that those who violate the rights of others should receive their just desserts, while others believe that our focus should be on the needs of victims and offenders. Webb and his co accused are acquitted by the high court and are ordered released from jail. So, what do we suggest? *The principle of Distributive Justice that Rawls proposes can be paraphrased by saying that the distribution of benefits and burdens in a society is just if and only if: 1. If the situation involves some injustice, what can I do to put that right? ” If we are going to analyze this statement, it is somehow refers to if justice is denied, or not given to one person or many people, then over time justice loses its value. B. Civility. (Ask) Why are justice and fairness important? Surely, the Philippine justice system would not see it as fit that a suspected guilty individual remain free and at large due to a legal loophole. It is important to find a balance for your personal feelings and sense of fairness and justice. Dec. 14, 2010. So it only means that everyone deserves justice. But it is also possible to feel these feelings at the wrong time. Each person has an equal right to the most extensive basic liberties compatible with the similar liberties for all, and (principle of equal liberty) 2. It is a word in which, to every person, has a different meaning. Among them are Thomas Hobbes, John Locke and John Stuart Mill. There is a saying also about justice that says “Fairness and justice are two sides of the same coin. This challenge can be especially difficult when managing employees across multiple sites. In Charles Kingsley’s The Water Babies, the hero Tom encounters two characters who could be said to embody justice. In light of the strong evidence against Hubert Webb, We believe he is guilty. Webb asks the high court to acquit him. Political equality: refers to an equal participation in political process. The first eBook, Looking After Yourself, covers some of our most popular content and will help you to live a happier, healthier and more productive life. Biong was released from jail on November 30, 2010 after serving his sentence. One can be ‘ fair ‘ in writing a law by making a judgment of how right or wrong that law is, and one can be ‘ just ‘ in making a judgment on whether something is right or wrong by following a process to help arrive at consistent determinations. 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