Muslims make up 26.56% and Christians 18.38 % Hindus constitute 54.72 per cent of the total population in Kerala, with Muslims accounting for … Christians and Muslims are concentrated in South and North Kerala, respectively. In 1951, they had a share of 54.3 percent, which was only 2 percentage points above their share of 52.3 percent in 1911. This Post Will Share Comparison Of Population Of India 2017 and Population Of India 2018 and Population Of India 2019 along with Total population of India state wise Population Of India 2019. Details about the population of Kerala based on India Census 2011. For the mainstream religious community of a region to suffer such a loss in a little more than a century is indeed an alarming historical occurrence. Religious Demography of KeralaPopulation of Kerala in 2011 is 3.34 crores. Indian Religionists have correspondingly lost 18.4 percentage points from their share in the population of North Kerala. Muslims now form 43.5 percent of the population of North Kerala; there has been an accretion of nearly 14 percentage points to their share since 1901. But there are reasons for concern. Copyright: Swarajya. Food And Drink. Alliances and parties. They have thus lost nearly 14 percentage points from their share in the 11 decades since 1901. After 1941, their share began rising and it reached up to 6.4 percent in 1981; this was because of the migration of Christians from South Kerala as we have mentioned above; the share of Christians in South Kerala began to decline from then onwards. Their share in North Kerala in this period registered a corresponding rise, as seen in the Table below; and, their share in the whole of Kerala kept rising up to 1961.Muslims have also gained by 7 percentage pointsThe decline of Christians in South Kerala is to be attributed partly to the higher growth of Muslims. Fortunately, the Census of 1971 gave the religious breakup of the population of the new districts from 1911-1961. Indian Religionists in this region are now barely above the fifty percent mark. Muslims have a high presence along the whole western coast up to Goa.12. But the decline has been far slower than that of the other communities subjected to similar influences of education, modernity and prosperity. Kerala. The share of Christians in Kerala had increased from 13.8 percent in 1901 to 21.2 percent in 1961; since then, there has been some decline in their share because of the rapid rise of Muslims. Prior to rise of Empires, the pastoral life was the order of the world and each nomadic tribe followed its own religious cults of Shamanism, animism and ancestor worship. But then also India is called an Hinduism Country. A TOI analysis of the 2001 and 2011 religion-based census data showed the state's Muslim population grew by 12.23% while the other two communities (Hindus up by … The population of India in 2019: When analyzing the latest data from the United Nations, the approximate population of India is 1, 357, 629, 428. Of this, 12 … Christians of this region set up farms and plantations in those parts with the active support of the Church. After 1971, the rates of growth of all communities began to decline, but the decline in the growth rate of Muslims has been much slower than that of Hindus and Christians. The rise in their share of the population in southern and northern regions during this period has been much more precipitous than what is indicated by the rise in their aggregate shares in the whole of Kerala, as we see below.Growth of Christianity and Islam in South KeralaChristians form 28 percent of the population of South Kerala, In 1901, about a quarter of the population of South Kerala was Christian; their share reached near 32 percent in 1941. Their share had remained nearly stable between 17 and 18 percent till then; in the next five decades it has risen by nearly 9 percentage points to reach 26.6 percent in 2011. Religion-wise Population Distribution of Telangana. In the first half of the century, in fact up to 1961, the share of Christians in the population kept rising consistently from decade to decade. The rise of in the share of Muslims in 1941-51 was probably because of the out-migration of Christians. Such is the yawning and persistent gap between the Muslims and others. In South Kerala, the share of Muslims has grown from less than 7 percent in 1901 to 13.3 percent in 2011; it was only 9.5 percent in 1951.Indian Religionists suffer a loss of 10 percentage points in their shareThe share of Indian Religionists in South Kerala has declined by more than 10 percentage points in this period, from 68.7 percent in 1901 to 58.5 percent in 2011.Growth of Christianity and Islam in North Kerala. As you are no doubt aware, Swarajya is a media product that is directly dependent on support from its readers in the form of subscriptions. Population of India By Religion. It began declining after that. After 1961, it was the turn of Muslims to rise. We deliver over 10 - 15 high quality articles with expert insights and views. Male and female literacy rates for Muslims are almost exactly equal to those for Hindus; these are slightly higher for Christians. Subscribe here. Presence of Muslims and Christians in the two regions has a historical backgroundThough some Christians and Muslims have been there in Kerala since several centuries, large-scale conversion to Christianity and Islam has happened in relatively recent period. The 2019 Indian general election were held in Kerala on 23 April 2019 to constitute the 17th Lok Sabha. In the longer term, however, both Christians and Muslims have significantly increased their share in Kerala at the cost of Indian Religionists, nearly all of who are Hindus. The decline of 1.2 percentage points that they have experienced during the last decade is comparable to the quantum of decline they have experienced in every decade since 1921; in the first two decades of that century, the decline was higher, at about 2 percentage points per decade.Distribution and Growth of Muslims and Christians in different regions of KeralaKerala is historically divided into two distinct regions: North Kerala, known as Malabar, comprising the current districts of Kasargod, Kannur, Wayanad, Malappuram and Palakkad; and, South Kerala, generally known as Travancore-Cochin and comprising Thrissur, Ernakulam, Idukki, Kottayam, Alappuzha, Pathanamthitta, Kollam and Thiruvananthapuram districts. Christians had in fact gained 7 percentage points between 1901 and 1961; after that they have lost about 3 percentage points, with the rapid rise in the share of Muslims in the recent decades.This large rise in share of Muslims has taken place even though they are not behind others in literacy, urbanisation or even prosperity. Growth in the share of Muslims has been rather fast after 1961. But the consistently high rise after 1961 is related, in large part, to their relatively higher growth. Our business model is you and your subscription. Kerala’s almost 100 percent literacy rate, it is believed, can be attributed to the success of the Christian school system. Later we shall see that though there was a significant presence of Christians and Muslims in Kerala already in 1901, there has been a large accretion to the share of the former in the pre-Independence period and to that of the latter in the six decades since 1951. From 7AM in the morning to 10PM late night we operate to ensure you, the reader, get to see what is just right. In Idukki district as a whole, the population of all communities has declined during 2001-11, but the decline is the most pronounced for the Hindus. Among Upper Caste Hindus, the support for NDA was even higher at 59 percent. During this decade, Muslims in this sub-district have grown by 19.4 percent, compared to the growth of 3.1 percent of Hindus and 2.6 percent of Muslims.Muslims also have a significant presence in nearly all of the coastal sub-districts of South Kerala, including in Thrissur, Ernakulam, Alappuzha, Kollam and Thiruvananthapuram districts. Indian Religionists in this region are now barely above the fifty percent mark. The Mathrubhumi News-Geowide India exit poll results show the LDF vote share coming down from 40 percent in 2014 to 37 percent in 2019. Year of election 2014 The latter include: Kottayam and Changanaserry of Kottayam district, Udumbanchola, Thodupuzha and Peerumadeof Idukki; Thiruvalla and Ranni of Pathanamthitta and Aluva, Kochi, Muvattupuzha and Kothamangalam of Ernakulam. Details about the population of Kerala based on India Census 2011. But the gap between their growth and that of the other two major communities has been consistently widening. Muslims now form 43.5 percent of the population of North Kerala; there has been an accretion of nearly 14 percentage points to their share since 1901. Most of the Muslim population is concentrated in the Kashmir Valley, while Jammu and ... International Religious Freedom Report for 2019 . From 1961 onwards, the share of Christians begins declining both in South and North Kerala, and that of Muslims begins rising in both. In Udumbanchola and Peerumade of Idukki, there has been a substantial accretion of 1.30 and 2.58 percentage points, respectively, to the share of Christians. Of 61.4 lakh Christians in Kerala, 25.9 lakhs are in Kottayam-Idukki-Ernakurlam region. Most of the exit polls, including two by two leading Malayalam television channels, have indicated a 3 to 5 percent dip in the LDF vote share in the current election. The decline was partly because much of the migration of Christians to North Kerala originated from this region; and, partly because of the faster growth of Muslims in this and every other region of the State, particularly after 1951. Becoming a Patron or a subscriber for as little as Rs 999/year is the best way you can support our efforts. Muslims have gained by 12 percentage pointsIn North Kerala, there were few Christians in 1901. According to the CSDS survey 52 percent of all Hindus voted for the NDA, up nine percentage points from 43 percent in 2014. Kerala is situated in Southern India. In this area, which extends into the high Muslim presence region of coastal Karnataka in the north, the growth of Muslims has been extraordinarily high; in the single decade of 2001-11, the share of Muslims in Kasargod district has gone up from 34.31 to 37.24 percent. Information about Kerala religions,Kerala Pilgrim Centres,hinduism in kerala,Muslims in Kerala,Religious destinations of Kerala,Christianity in Kerala,kerala astrology,Temples of Kerala,Churches of Kerala,mosque in kerala and more ... Kerala Govt releases tourism statistics of 2018. Indian population religion wise 2019 list with state wise Census of India Hindu population, Muslim population,Sikh,Christian,Buddhist and Jainism.. Indian population religion wise 2019 – State wise. Because Hindus (and Christians) in Kerala do not prefer to have more than two children. Swarajya - a big tent for liberal right of centre discourse that reaches out, engages and caters to the new India. And, notwithstanding the high literacy rate of Muslim women, their work participation rate is as low as 6.76 percent. Pockets of high Muslim presence outside MalappuramMuslims form a majority in every sub-district of Malappuram. Since then, their share has been growing consistently from decade to decade, excepting a slight decline in 1941-51, but the rise has been precipitously sharp after Independence and Partition. The population of India is increasing at an alarming rate and that is why the country is known as the second most populous country in the world after China. The major religions of Kerala are Hindu, Islam, Christian. Christians, meanwhile, have lost about 3 percentage points from their share; they formed 21.2 percent of the population in 1961, their share in 2011 is 18.4 percent. Indian Religionists have continued to decline throughout this periodIndian Religionists have continued to lose their share of the population throughout this period; they had a share of 68.9 percent in 1901, they form only 55.0 percent now. Malayalam is Kerala's official language and is spoken by at least 96% of the people of Kerala; the next most common language is Tamil, spoken mainly by Tamil workers from Tamil Nadu and the local Kerala Iyers. Population of Kerala by Religion Kerala's religious population presents a cultural backdrop of various religions living together with peace and harmony. They have a presence of more than 40 percent in thirteen sub-districts of this region and they are in a majority in two of these. According to an intelligence report, 2 'recognised' religious conversion centres in Kozhikode and Malappuram converted as many as 5,793 people to Islam between 2011 and 2015 These religions stamped out the earlier religious practices. Of these, 1.83 crore are Hindus, 88.7 lakh Muslims, and 61.4 lakh Christians. Unlike the other parts of India in this category, both Christians and Muslims have substantially improved their share in Kerala since 1901.3. In South Kerala, Christians form 28.2 percent of the population and Muslims have a share of 13.3 percent. CPM from the LDF got four seats and 30.5% votes. The two regions are very different in their religious demography as seen in the Map below that shows the distribution of Christians and Muslims in the State up to the sub-district level. Kerala was formed on 1 November 1956 after the States Reorganization Act. Kerala has a unique record in India for the harmonious coexistence of diverse religions. In the following, we look at this longer-term picture is some detail. These low work participation rates of women and high number of children percent of the population among Muslims seem related to the internal dynamics of the community rather than to any external parameters. Of the loss of 14 percentage points suffered by the Indian Religionists, 9.6 percentage points have accrued to the Muslims and 4.3 to the Christians. During 2001-11, Muslims in Kerala have grown by 12.8 percent, while Hindus have grown by 2.2 and Christians by 1.4 percent. During 2001-11, Hindus and Christians have recorded decadal growth of 2.23 and 1.38 percent respectively, while the Muslims have grown by 12.84 percent. Therefore, the share of both Muslims and Christians has risen in the district while that of Hindus has declined. The share of Christians in the State at 18.4% is the highest outside the northeast; about 22 percent of all Christians in the country are in Kerala. The percentage of Muslims is sizeable in Assam (30.9%), West Bengal (25.2%), Kerala (24.7%), Uttar Pradesh (18.5%) and Bihar (16.5%). The share of Indian Religionists in Kerala, who are almost all Hindus, has declined from nearly 69 percent in 1901 to 55 percent in 2011, marking a loss of 14 percentage points in 11 decades.Unlike in the other regions mentioned above, in Kerala, both Christians and Muslims have considerable presence and both have gained in their share in this period. Christianity has emerged as the major religion in three North-eastern states, namely, Nagaland, Mizoram, and Meghalaya. However, this isn't the complete picture. With the rise in the share of both Muslims and Christians, the share of Indian Religionists has undergone a decline of nearly 14 percentage points, from 68.9 percent in 1901 to 55.0 percent in 2011. Kerala—like Assam, West Bengal, Purnia and Santhal Pargana region of Bihar and Jharkhand, parts of Western Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand, Mewat of Haryana and Rajasthan, and many of the States in the northeast—has seen a drastic change in its religious demography in the Census period, beginning from 1901. Since 1951, Muslims have gained by 12 percentage points, and Christians by more than 2 percentage points. Share of Christians in Kerala now is 18.4 percent.4. Muslims at that time formed nearly 30 percent of the population. They had a share of 13.8 percent at the beginning of the century in 1901; it reached 21.2 percent in 1961, marking a rise of more than 7 percentage points in six decades. As per 2011 census Kerala population religion wise, Hinduism is with 54.7%, followed by Muslim with 26.5% and Christianity with 18.3%. As of 2019, Other Backward Class (OBC) constituted the largest part of the Indian population accounting for more than 40 percent. The fertility rate is less than 2 in all five South Indian States. The religion data of 2001-11 indicates that the process of the demographic marginalisation of the Hindus in this state has not yet stopped and is likely to continue unabated for the next several decades. MUL and KC won 2 and 1 seats, respectively, with a voting percentage of 5.1% and 2.5%. In Kochi, there has been a marginal rise in their share. In these five decades, Muslims have added more than 1.75 percentage points to their share in every decade except 1991-2001, when the accretion was of somewhat less than 1.5 percentage points. Tulu and Kannada is spoken in most parts of the northern district of Kasaragod, adjoining Karnataka. Notwithstanding the fact that they equal others in these parameters, and their absolute rate of growth is fairly low, the gap between their growth and that of others remains very wide. What we have though, is district-wise religious break-up for Kerala. With 33,387,677 people as per the figures of the 2011 Census, Kerala is the 13th largest state as far as population and is separated into 14 regions and the capital being Trivandrum. Large numbers were forcibly converted to Islam by Tipu Sultan, when he invaded and conquered the region in the late eighteenth century. Kerala has witnessed a slow population growth rate in the last 20 years. And in challenging times like these, we need your support now more than ever. The major religions followed in Kerala are Hinduism (54.7% — Hinduism in Kerala ), Islam (26.6%) and Christianity (18.4… In the northern Kasargod sub-district, their share has risen from 44.55 to 48.15 percent. Kerala is bordered by Tamil Nadu to the south and east, Karnataka to the north and northeast, and the Lakshadweep Sea to the west.. Kerala has an estimated population of 35 million, up from 33.38 million in 2011. Therefore, the gap in growth of Muslims and others has only widened. 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