Another criticism is that the Buddha is said to have remarked that the teachings (Buddhism) would only last 500 years because he agreed to ordain women. In Vinaya Pitaka (the book of monastic discipline) 3.15-21, there is the tale of Sudinna – a young monk who breaks his vows of celibacy after his old parents beg him to give his wife, whom he had abandoned, a child so that his family lineage may continue. Ketumala's battle for recognition and respect for nuns in Buddhism runs parallel to the broader challenge for women's rights in modern Myanmar. This post first appeared on Scroll.in. The Buddha told the nuns not to respect these bad monks. Thus, full liberation is open to women. Research on this topic is well known but restricted to academic circles. Initially, none of these strictures were codified. The Buddhist nun challenging misogyny in Myanmar. 4 min. In a conversation with Kassappa, Bakulla says that in 80 years he has not only not had sex, he has not even entertained thoughts of women, or seen them, or spoken to them. Of all the caresses that can enslave, none is more lethal than that of a woman.”. Monks are warned against too much affection for cows and female monkeys. The Modern Theravada is a term for some Theravadins who focus on the early teachings of Buddhism and the Pali Canon, but especially the earliest compiled and written texts, such as those listed in the first five of the Chronology of Pali Canon. The pre-Buddhist Upanishads do not bother much with gender relations and are more interested in metaphysics. Considering that Mahaprajapati, as Buddha's maternal aunt, raised him after his mother's death, she would have been about eighty years old when Ananda was senior enough to make the request.". Anguttara Nikaya 2.25, Prise de Jérusalem par Hérode le Grand.jpg, 1-10 early to recent Chronology of Pali Canon, The Complete Book of Buddha's Lists -- Explained, https://religion.wikia.org/wiki/Buddhism_and_Misogyny?oldid=278568. Significantly Buddhaghosa lived around the same time as St Augustine of Hippo came forth with his anti-sex and anti-women trope in the Catholic Church. The condition and status of women at the time, would mean that fewer people would become interested in Buddhism if women were ordained. For example, there are passages where the Buddha advises the monks not to pay attention to women, not to look at them, and to avoid their company unless accompanied by other people. Most discourses involve the Buddha giving a talk to the monks and begin with the very familiar, “O Bhikkhus . For example, a nun was raped when walking through a forest by herself. Research on this topic is well known but restricted to academic circles. A few excerpts are shown here below: “Do not believe in something because it is reported. Our emails are made to shine in your inbox, with something fresh every morning, afternoon, and weekend. This is keeping in line with the Buddha's intentions for an Order of monks and an Order of nuns. There are rules that refer to bestiality. By the time Islam arrived, Buddhism had already waned in most of India. Dhammadinna). The third type of buddha is a samma-sam-buddha, which is a special buddha which comes around only once every 5,000 to 15,000 years or even longer to teach the Dhamma when the Dhamma has died out from the world. Buddhism did die out from its home country of India and it started to die out right at about 500 years after the death, paranibbana of Buddha. Their lives mold farmers, tradesmen, merchants, and serfs. This passage is mentioned in the rules for the monks in the Vinaya and is not mentioned in any other place. 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