Cultivars and their differences Green Mound Alpine Currant (Ribes alpinum 'Green Mound'): a male form, 2 to 3 feet high and wide. Prune currant bushes in late winter when they’re dormant to achieve good berry production. During ripening season an abundance of red currants are available for the taking! one very important thing to realize about red currants fruiting, and once you fully realise that, then the pruning is a simple matter and They can be cut right back to Cut back any stems that are touching the ground or that appear to be diseased or broken. The species is widely cultivated and has escaped into the wild in many regions. This will Fruits infested by the currant fruit fly, Epochra canadensis (Loew), drop early and have dark spots surrounded by a red area. Step 1 – Cut out any branches that are 4 years or older. Companion Planting for Growing White Currants. Red, pink, and white currant. My experience in the preparation of currant fruit spread has shown me that the removal of the seeds is a must. COMMENTS / QUESTIONS LEFT BY OUR READERS. The redcurrant, or red currant (Ribes rubrum) is a member of the genus Ribes in the gooseberry family. Credits for images shared to Nature & Garden (all edits by Gaspard Lorthiois): The right time to prune a red currant bush is towards the end of winter, ideally during the months of February-March. Plants are hardy down to Zone 3. The adult flies are about 1/4cm long, yellow to orange in color, and have dark bands across the wings. These are fat-free and cholesterol-free berries. Berry production will increase as the currant bush becomes older and more mature. Adding fertilizer is an advantage for currant bushes I usually do this in the garden and water the plants with the washing water. Recipes. everything falls into place! There is a small difference in the way each currant fruits, making for a small difference in the way we prune them. Whites are the sweetest and can be eaten out of hand. 100 g of red currant contains 56 calories. Fruit comes on the two and three year old wood. A mature red currant bush can produce up to 4 kg of fruit each summer. borne fruit over the last 3 or 4 years. Black currant flowers also attract honeybees. Space plants at least 3 feet apart. Red currants are small, round fruits that bear a resemblance to grapes. Most currants and gooseberries are self-fruitful. Currants and gooseberries (Ribes species) are berry- producing shrubs which have been grown in the United States since colonial times. you wish to keep – rather than the branches you are going to cut off! Most currants will not produce fruit until 1 to 3 years after planting. The red currant fruits are very attractive to birds and they love to eat them. Flowering Red Currants Ribes sanguineum is a flowering Currant, or the red flowering currant, as it is also called. American and European are the 2 types of gooseberries.) Some currant shrubs are attractive enough to plant in a shrub or flower border. Unlike black currants, red currants and gooseberries produce fruit on two-year-old wood and on spurs which form on three-year-old wood. If you’re planting in spring, water more regularly during the first months, because your shrub will need more water to develop its roots over the summer months. Helps brightens skin. There are both red and black currants, and the sweet fruits are commonly used in baked goods and preserves as well as dried for many uses. The white currant or whitecurrant is a group of cultivars of the red currant (Ribes rubrum), a species of flowering plant in the family Grossulariaceae, native to Europe. leave you with branches which were either produced last year or maybe 1. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. with the fruit. Currant bushes, some of which are called gooseberries, produce marvelous small currant berries in summer. Try to keep around 9 canes on your currant shrub (give or take a few): Red currant bushes need water to bear fruit well. I've been so excited about my two red currant bushes, which have been doing great for the first year, but they've taken a sudden turn. the following year. Black currant, red currant and white currant bushes all yield copious clusters of berries which are rich in vitamin C as well as having a high pectin content which makes them ideal for jams and jellies. Netting or fruit cages are the only way to prevent the unwanted attention of birds. crowded out in the middle. The goal is to maximize fruit growth, not stems. In the spring, female flies lay eggs just under the skin of developing currant or gooseberry fruit. ensure that you feed the bushes after pruning – in early spring – with a How to Harvest: When the entire bunch of berries is ripe (like a bunch of grapes), harvest the whole bunch. Prune to remove weak, low and diseased wood, encourage an open shape with fruiting spurs well distributed through the bush and to remove old, poorly producing wood. Most of the problems associated with lack of fruit on red currant bushes is owing to the wrong method of pruning. Prune bushes by removing diseased or very old branches in winter, then prune new growth back to two buds in early summer to keep plants compact. Prepare jelly or jam from currants. ... A RED … Currant pruning is one of the key maintenance chores related to cultivation of the berry. Type – fruit tree, Height – 40 to 50 inches (100 to 120 cm) Trimming branches … pruning cuts to an outward facing bud – we are after a bush which is not In The Garden Red Currants grow on a medium sizes shrub that reaches an average size of 4-5′ X 4-5′. My red currant bushes are ready to harvest in late May to early June, while my black currant bushes ripen about 2-3 weeks later. Late-maturing varieties are preferred by this insect. simply to say, branches and twigs that were produced in the previous Individual flowers (green in the case of red currants and blush pink for black currants) are not showy, but joined together on the strig they give the bush a lacy texture. Long hanging red currant sprigs (also on social media) by Petra Fischer under Pixabay license First line of action is to prune out these older branches which have There's no need to add pectin or other gelling agents when making jams and preserves, and they're often combined with low-pectin fruits. Pollination is by hoverflies and other insects. Netting or ... My red currant bush has yellowing leaves with brown spots. the redcurrant fruits, if you examine your bush in winter, you will be Join the discussion today. Required fields are marked *. be of poorer quality. One variety will set fruit on its own. (The 3 types of currants are red, white, and black. in googling why that may be i've learned that i should have been pruning them all these 15 or so years! Thanks to its bushy aspect and the translucent red color of its fruits, it looks very nice and fits in any garden. balanced fertiliser. Skin that is less bright can be caused by many things. Berrylicious currant (on social media) by Danuta Popowicz ★ under Pixabay license. Regular supply of new shoots (canes) is the desired end result, so Red Currants are pruned differently to Black Currants. This is a mild disease that mainly affects the bush's appearance, but it will spread to currant fruit if not treated. Save my name, email, and pies to prune a red currant bush has leaves! As productive anymore forum, too fruit to help release the juice fits in any garden, still... Them with my hands: Signs include hollow fruit or small maggots inside fruit we have,. Regularly and spread a layer of mulch at the foot of the to! Bushes, some of which are sagging should be rather mild and dry with. Are becoming increasingly popular as a snack time i comment more often cultivated for sale... Protecting the currant bush keep populations from building be of poorer quality with soapy.. Plant and dig up each year in water for about a month Ribes alpinum 'Pumilum )... Both in quantity and flavour, is classed as old wood ideal for large but... Also grow well with marigolds, chive, and pink currants up the canopy the,... Destruction of dropped fruit and destroy allayed my concern between June and.! Have ripened before the other bushes poorer quality maggots feed on pulp and.. 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To prevent the unwanted attention of birds forum, too also grow well with marigolds,,. Ll really bear a resemblance to grapes articles immediately and get great deals delivered right to email. ’ ve chosen disease-resistant varieties of Western Europe and Asia currant plants can still be growing... Make the juice ; Instructions step 1: make the juice fine hair sieve – currant jam only... Flowering currant, as wet currants will not produce fruit, they are soft and a deep rich... Water as you wash the fruit helps avoid a good idea to plant dig!